- Black Friday 2016 sales
- The current iPad line-up
- Which size of iPad should you get?
- Which iPad mini should you buy?
- Which mid-size iPad should you buy - iPad Air 2 or iPad Pro 9.7in?
- Which model of 12.9-inch iPad Pro should you choose?
- Decision time!
- The Refurbished option
- The laptop option
- The Android option
Please note that from 7 September 2016, Apple changed the prices and storage capacity options of many of its iPads. While storage went up to at least 32GB, meaning no more 16GB iPads are on sale, many of the prices also increased. The words below have been updated but the above video, while still accurate in its assessment of the individual products, contains a few inaccuracies in terms of pricing and storage. Please refer to the text if in doubt.
Which iPad should I buy? The iPad mini 2, the iPad mini 4, the iPad Air 2, the 9.7-inch iPad Pro or the 12.9-inch iPad Pro? (Or should I wait for the iPad mini 5, the iPad Pro 2 or the iPad Air 3?) I'm not sure how powerful an iPad needs to be, how big a screen I need, or how much money I should spend. And how much storage should I get - will 32GB be enough?
Our iPad buying guide will get into all of these questions, but before we do, some quick links. If you're just looking for where to buy a new iPad, you can go directly to the Apple Store from here:
Best iPad Buying guide 2016: Black Friday 2016 sales
For the first time in the UK since 2013, Apple is participating in this year's Black Friday event. For those that don't know (where have you been?), Black Friday is an event that originated in the US and takes place the day after Thanksgiving and entails retailers giving ridiculous discounts on a range of products. What's not so good is the crowds (and arguments) that come along with it - but never fear, many Black Friday 2016 sales take place online, allowing you to shop from the comfort of your own home.
While Apple hasn't detailed what products will receive a Black Friday discount, you can take a look at our Black Friday deals hub where we'll be covering the best Black Friday iPhone deals, iPad deals, MacBook deals and more.
Best iPad buying guide 2016: Which iPad is best for you?
Wondering which iPad to buy? Don't worry, our iPad buying guide - updated in autumn 2016 - will help you pick the right iPad for your needs.
There's a few different questions there, but they all come down to one main consideration: what do you need from an iPad? In our iPad buying guide we'll help you work out your requirements and whether you should get a mini-size 7.9-inch iPad (the iPad mini 2 or iPad mini 4 - Apple has discontinued the mini 1 and mini 3), a standard-size 9.7-inch iPad (the iPad Air 2 or 9.7-inch iPad Pro), or the extra-large, 12.9-inch iPad Pro.
We'll then talk about further options, such as storage capacity, 3G/cellular capabilities and colours. We'll even talk about whether you should be getting an iPad at all, as perhaps an Android or Windows tablet be a more cost-effective option. We'll also discuss second-hand and refurbished alternatives that will save you money. Finally, for each category of iPad we consider whether an updated version of that device is likely to be unveiled in the near future, and whether the threat of obsolescence should influence your buying decision.
When you've decided which iPad you want to buy, head over to our article Best cheap iPad deals UK for detailed advice on the best places to buy, the best deals, second-hand and refurbished options and more.
Best iPad buying guide 2016: The current iPad line-up
Apple currently sells five iPad models altogether, and each of those offers two to four colour options, two to three storage capacities, and the option to get 3G/cellular or just stick with Wi-Fi. That's a lot of configurations, by our count 77 combinations in total: clearly we've got work to do.
iPad Pro 12.9 prices
- iPad Pro 12.9 (WiFi, 32GB): £729
- iPad Pro 12.9 (WiFi, 128GB): £819
- iPad Pro 12.9 (WiFi, 256GB): £909
- iPad Pro 12.9 (3G, 128GB): £939
- iPad Pro 12.9 (3G, 256GB): £1,029
iPad Pro 9.7 prices
- iPad Pro 9.7 (WiFi, 32GB): £549
- iPad Pro 9.7 (WiFi, 128GB): £639
- iPad Pro 9.7 (WiFi, 256GB): £729
- iPad Pro 9.7 (3G, 328GB): £669
- iPad Pro 9.7 (3G, 128GB): £759
- iPad Pro 9.7 (3G, 256GB): £849
iPad Air 2 prices
- iPad Air 2 (WiFi, 32GB): £379
- iPad Air 2 (WiFi, 128GB): £469
- iPad Air 2 (3G, 328GB): £499
- iPad Air 2 (3G, 128GB): £589
iPad mini 4 prices
- iPad mini 4 (WiFi, 32GB): £379
- iPad mini 4 (WiFi, 128GB): £469
- iPad mini 4 (3G, 328GB): £499
- iPad mini 4 (3G, 128GB): £589
iPad mini 2 prices
- iPad mini 2 (WiFi, 32GB): £239
- iPad mini 2 (3G, 328GB): £359
Which iPad: Size category
We can break the range down pretty quickly. First of all, you can divide it into three size categories. You've got two mini-size, 7.9-inch iPads: the iPad mini 2 and the iPad mini 4; two standard-size, 9.7-inch iPads: the iPad Air 2 and the 9.7-inch iPad Pro, and there's the supersized 12.9-inch iPad Pro, which is the biggest and costliest option.
We help you decide which iPad size to go for in our next section: Choosing between the three sizes of iPad: mini (7.9-inch), standard (9.7-inch) or large (12.9-inch).
Which iPad: Age
Then you can separate the first two of those categories into a newer and an older model. The 12.9-inch iPad Pro was an entirely new line when it appeared in late 2015, so there isn't an older alternative if you can't afford the current one.
The mini 2 came out in October 2013, whereas the mini 4 came out in September 2015 - the latter is two years newer and should be expected to run the latest apps and iOS updates without slowing down for roughly two years more than its older equivalent.
The iPad Air 2 is a bit newer than the mini 2, having been launched in October 2014, but it's still a good 18 months older than the 9.7-inch iPad Pro, which came out in March 2016 - it's the most recent iPad in the entire range, and therefore the most advanced (and one of the most expensive).
The 12.9-inch iPad Pro came out in September 2015 along with the mini 4. It's an exceptionally powerful device and the most expensive iPad of all, thanks mainly to its giant screen, but is actually less advanced than the 9.7-inch Pro in a few respects.
We help you decide between the older and newer versions of the mini and 9.7-inch iPads in these later dedicated sections: Which iPad mini should you choose: iPad mini 2 or iPad mini 4? and Which standard-size iPad should you choose: iPad Air 2 or 9.7-inch iPad Pro?
Which iPad: Budget and requirements
Your choice of the individual models will depend on how much money you're willing to spend, how portable and powerful you need your iPad to be, how long you need to be able to use your iPad (and for it to support the latest software) and in what areas (if any) you are willing to compromise.
Let's get started. First of all we'll decide if you should buy a standard-size, a mini or an extra-large iPad, and then we'll narrow down your choice from there.
Macworld poll: How often do you update your iPad?
Before we get into the nuts and bolts of this buying decision, we'd love to hear how often you buy a new iPad. Is this your first iPad ever, or are you a regular updater?
Best iPad buying guide 2016: Which size of iPad should you get?
The first decision will cut our options drastically. Do you want a mini, 7.9-inch iPad (the mini 2 or mini 4), a standard-size, 9.7-inch iPad (the iPad Air 2 or 9.7-inch Pro), or a big-screen, 12.9-inch iPad Pro?
Which size of iPad should you get? Part 1: Screen size
The most obvious aspect of this decision comes down to screen size. The iPad mini models each come with 7.9-inch screens (measured diagonally); the mid-size iPad Air 2 and 9.7-inch iPad Pro both have - fairly obviously in the latter's case - 9.7-inch screens; and the 12.9-inch iPad Pro is also pretty self-explanatory, packing a stunning and spacious 12.9in screen.
But how big a screen do you really need?
You can get an idea of the comparative sizes in the picture above (which goes, left to right, 12.9-inch Pro, 9.7-inch Pro, Air 2, mini 4, mini 2). But you can also think of the tablets in terms of print publications: the mini models are roughly the size of a paperback; the 9.7-inch iPads are closer (in length and width, even though they are very much thinner) to a hardback or Private Eye-style mini-magazine; and the 12.9-inch iPad Pro is more like a standard magazine: PC Advisor, for example.
The larger screen is obviously better for immersive entertainment. Whether watching films or playing games, it's a more enjoyable, richer experience. The iPad minis have only about two-thirds of the screen area of the 9.7-inch iPads; the 12.9-inch Pro has in turn about 78 percent more screen space than the mid-size models.
If you're worried that an iPad mini will feel cramped, we'd point out that the mini screen feels much closer to the mid-size iPads than you might think. And we're getting increasingly used to watching films and TV shows on phone screens. Don't discount the mini as an entertainment device - it'll do you proud. This is simply a question of priorities. Are you more set on getting maximum screen space, or are you willing to compromise on that front in order to get a lower price tag and improved portability?
If you're looking at some serious work tasks, however, the 12.9-inch iPad Pro might be the tablet for you.
Your choice of iPad depends to a huge extent on personal feeling, and it's worth trying to get your hands on the various models, whether in an Apple Store or at a friend's house, to get an idea of what you're looking for. If it's impossible to do this, try the trick we've used occasionally in videos when trying to give viewers an idea of the dimensions of an unreleased product: check the height, width and so on (they're listed below) and use them to knock up a cardboard cutout to play around with.
Which size of iPad should you get? Part 2: Portability
One of the payoffs for settling for a smaller screen comes in the form of portability. For one thing, the iPad mini models are a lot lighter - there's a big weight gap between the mid-size iPads and even the heavier of the two mini models: 437g to 299g, looking at Wi-Fi-only models. All variations of cellular capable iPads weigh a tiny nit mpre than their Wi-Fi-only counterparts thanks to extra components, but it is a barely noticable difference of around 10g.
The iPad mini units are more portable, then, as you'd expect. As well as their markedly lower weights they also have smaller bodies, which slip easily into a rucksack pocket or even a jacket pocket (we found that the iPad mini 2, for example, can slip into even a trouser pocket, although it was stretching the material rather ridiculously). If you plan to mainly use your iPad out and about, on holiday or commuting, the iPad minis are your best bet.
The iPad Air 2 and 9.7-inch Pro (they're physically virtually identical) are pleasingly portable, but they still can't match the mini models for portability.
The 12.9-inch Pro, as you'd expect, is considerably less portable than its smaller cousins, but we think Apple has done well to keep it down to 713g. It's only 0.8mm thicker than the iPad Air 2, and actually thinner than the discontinued iPad Air 1, which is only two years older and equipped with a much smaller screen. It certainly won't go in a pocket (unless you're a clown), but the 12.9-inch Pro remains a slender, relatively lightweight and portable alternative to a laptop.
Which size of iPad should you get? Part 3: Speed
The newer the iPad you're looking at, the faster it's likely to be in terms of both general processing and graphics. But you'll also find that the larger iPads tend to be faster than their smaller equivalents.
Here are some benchmarking scores, to give you some idea of the comparative speeds:
GeekBench 3 speed benchmark scores:
GFXBench OpenGL graphics tests:
Very broadly speaking, the bigger the iPad, the faster it goes. The latest 12.9-inch iPad is faster than the latest 9.7-inch iPad, which in turn is faster than the latest 7.9-inch iPad. In fact, the mid-size iPad Air 2 is faster than the mini 4, even though it's a year older.
In other words, if you want to use highly demanding apps such as video and image editors, or if you're into graphically advanced games, you should be edging towards the larger models. (Other considerations may override this and dictate that the mini 4 is still the best option, however.)
If you're going to be using your iPad for the odd bit of email and web surfing, you should be leaning towards the minis (and the mini 2 at that), because the power of the 12.9-inch Pro, for example, will be wasted on such gentle workloads. It'll also save you money.
Which size of iPad should you get? Part 4: Battery life
While we're talking benchmarks, let's reiterate the probably well-known fact that bigger iPads have bigger batteries, and last longer away from a power supply.
For all five currently available iPads, however, Apple makes precisely the same claim concerning battery life: that they will last "up to 10 hours of surfing the web on Wi-Fi, watching video or listening to music" or "up to 9 hours of surfing the web using a mobile data network".
Yet - despite the fact that Apple doesn't release this information officially - we know that the iPads have different battery capacities:
- iPad mini 2: 6,471 mAh
- iPad mini 4: 5,124 mAh
- iPad Air 2: 7,340 mAh
- 9.7-inch iPad Pro: 7,306 mAh
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro: 10,307 mAh
Different models have different generations of battery technology, and different demands are placed on their power consumption, resulting in drastically different battery life performance in our experience. Here are the results of our battery tests:
In any case, don't necessarily expect your device to last exactly that long under normal use conditions, but this gives us a fair idea of their comparative capabilities.
Which size of iPad should you get? Part 5: Price
Perhaps the biggest mark in favour of buying from the iPad mini range is the price. Starting at £239, the (32GB, Wi-Fi-only) second-gen iPad mini is the cheapest iPad by a clear £140. The iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 4 are now identically priced, starting at £379 and are the next-cheapest iPads at the base 32GB capacity.
The 12.9-inch iPad Pro starts at £729 for the 32GB (Wi-Fi-only) model, and moves up to a dizzying £909 and £1,029 for the Wi-Fi and cellular versions of the 256GB model. We're getting into MacBook Air price territory, then (for comparison, the 11-inch MacBook Air starts at £749, while the 13-inch Air starts at £849) and clearly not for casual or budget buyers. As we mentioned in the portability section, the larger iPad Pro is more something to consider as an alternative to a laptop. For these reasons it calls for more pre-purchase research, trying a sample out in an Apple Store and so on.
Hopefully by now it's become clear whether a mini, mid-size or large iPad is right for you, which means you can proceed...
Best iPad buying guide 2016: Which iPad mini should you buy?
Okay, so you've settled on either an iPad mini, a mid-sized iPad Air or Pro, or the big-screen 12.9-inch iPad Pro. We'll look at the iPad minis first to narrow things down further. (If you'd prefer one of the larger models instead, skip ahead to the mid-size iPad section or the iPad Pro section. Or jump to the top of the page.)
Which iPad mini model is best for you: the iPad mini 2, or the iPad mini 4?
(The mini 3 has been discontinued, although it is still available second-hand or through Apple's refurbished store. If you're interested, take a look at our iPad mini 3 vs iPad mini 4 comparison review.)
What are the differences between the iPad mini 2 and iPad mini 4?
First of all, let's list the differences between the two iPad mini models - and there are plenty.
Mini 4 is faster. The iPad mini 2 runs the A7 processor chip (and the M7 motion co-processor). The A7 is around four times as fast for general processing as the A6 that was found in the original iPad mini, and about eight times as fast for graphical processing. But the A8 chip (plus M8) in the iPad mini 4 is faster still: Apple boasts that it is 1.3 times faster than the A7 at general processing, and 1.6 times faster at graphical tasks. This is backed up by our speed-test lab results, as we'll see in the next section:
The iPad mini 4 also has 2GB of RAM; the mini 2 has just 1GB.
Mini 4 is slimmer and lighter. It's 6.1mm thick to the mini 2's 7.5mm (a reduction of 19 percent) and 299g (for the Wi-Fi version) to the mini 2's 331g (a reduction of 10 percent).
Mini 4 has a slightly better screen. The mini 2 and mini 4 both get Retina screens. Apple no longer sells an iPad with a non-Retina screen. But the mini 4's Retina screen has an anti-reflective coating, which helps reduce distracting reflections when viewing the tablet under bright lighting.
Mini 4 has better cameras. The iPad mini 4 has a better camera setup than the iPad mini 2: the rear-facing camera is 8Mp ot the mini 2's 5Mp, and both the rear- and front-facing cameras on the mini 4 get Burst mode. The mini 4 also gets slow-motion video.
Mini 4 has better wireless. It gets 802.11ac Wi-Fi (on top of the a/b/g/n flavours available with the mini 2) and a slightly later Bluetooth standard: 4.2 instead of 4.0.
Mini 4 gets a barometer. Mini 2 doesn't.
Finally, the iPad mini 4 has a Touch ID fingerprint sensor - no such luck for the mini 2.
Oh, and one more thing: you can get the iPad mini 4 in gold. The mini 2 is available in silver and Space Grey only.
Read next: Best iPad games
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 1: Speed
The first and perhaps most important difference between the iPad mini models is processing speed.
The difference in speed is the result of different components inside the two devices. As well as having more RAM (2GB to the mini 2's 1GB), the iPad mini 2 has an A7 processor chip, complete with its M7 graphics coprocessor, whereas the mini 4 gets the newer A8/M8 chip. Apple reckons the A8 is about 1.3 times as quick as the A7 at general processing, and 1.6 times as quick at graphical tasks.
Let's look again at those benchmark scores, focusing this time on the mini models.
GeekBench 3 processing-speed benchmark scores (higher is better)
iPad mini 2: 1195 (single core), 2251 (multicore)
iPad mini 4: 1728 (single core), 3107 (multicore)
GFXBench OpenGL graphical-processing speed scores (version 3.0.40) (frames per second; higher is better)
iPad mini 2: 8.9 fps (Manhattan onscreen test), 22.0 fps (T-Rex onscreen test)
iPad mini 4: 15.4 fps (Manhattan onscreen test), 37.3 fps (T-Rex onscreen test)
iPad mini 2: 54.361
iPad mini 4: 76.489
The mini 4 demonstrates a clear speed advantage over the mini 2 across a range of metrics. You'll start noticing this in real-world performance, but not on all functions: the A7 remains a perfectly serviceable chip for current apps.
You'll observe a difference in performance between the two models on the most demanding apps and games. Where the A8 chip really comes into its own is when you up the ante and start playing newer or more graphically demanding games, or use powerful video- and photo-editing packages. The more demanding apps will certainly benefit from the A8's muscle.
Getting the A8 is also a useful future-proofing exercise, because more and more apps are going to be released in the coming months that have the latest hardware in mind, and on the iPad mini 2 these apps may start to feel a bit sluggish. For the time being, however, it should be fine for general use, mid-level gaming and most other tasks.
Infinity Blade 3 is one of the processor-intensive games that will push an older iPad to the limit
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 2: Physical dimensions
The minis are both wonderfully portable, but if you're looking for the slimmest and lightest iPad of all, the mini 4 is the model for you. It's nearly 20 percent thinner than the mini 2 and about 10 percent lighter.
iPad mini 2: 200mm x 137mm x 7.5mm, 331g (Wi-Fi), 341g (Wi?Fi and cellular)
iPad mini 4: 203.2mm x 134.8mm x 6.1mm, 298.8g (Wi-Fi), 304g (Wi-Fi and cellular)
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 3: Cameras
If photography is a major component of your iPad usage, again, strongly consider getting the 4. A bump from 5Mp to 8Mp (on the rear-facing camera) is significant, and likely to result in noticeable sharper shots, particularly in more challenging conditions.
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 4: Touch ID fingerprint scanner
The mini 4 gains a fingerprint scanner. Since Touch ID was opened up in iOS 8, this works with third-party apps as well as with Apple's own offerings, and is therefore only going to get more useful as more and more developers incorporate fingerprint scanning into their apps.
As we argued in the iPad Air section, Touch ID is convenient - you can unlock your iPad, or an individual app, with a single touch of a finger rather than with a passcode or password. And it also means you'll be able to use one part of Apple Pay. But Touch ID isn't a dealbreaker for most people.
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 5: Price
We're nearly there - all that's left before we pick our iPad is to think about price tags. There's a £100 gap from the iPad mini 2 to the iPad mini 4 (although it's also a bit more complicated than that suggests, because the mini 4 has different - and slightly more - storage options).
Here's the full set of iPad mini prices:
iPad mini 2: Wi-Fi: £239 (32GB). Cellular/3G: £359 (32GB).
iPad mini 4: Wi-Fi: £379 (32GB), £469 (128GB). Cellular/3G: £499 (32GB), £589 (128GB).
Which iPad mini should you buy? Part 6: Future releases
It's always annoying to buy a product only for the manufacturer to announce its successor a few weeks later. Which makes the release date of the iPad mini 5 an object of some interest to prospective iPad mini buyers. Sadly, only Tim Cook and a few of his closest advisors know for sure when the iPad mini 5 (or iPad Pro 7.9-inch, perhaps) will be announced, although we can make some informed predictions.
The iPad mini 4 came out in September 2015, and Apple has tended to update that line on a yearly basis; but Apple's September and October 2016 press events came and went with no word about the next iPad mini. Then again, if the 18-month gap between the launches of the iPad Air 2 and 9.7-inch iPad Pro has anything to teach us, it's possible that Apple will update its tablets less frequently from now on. Right now, March 2017 is looking a likely release date for the mini 5.
For the time being, then, don't worry about the iPad mini 5 coming out and making your brand-new device obsolete. If you need an iPad mini now, go for it.
Which iPad mini should you buy? Conclusion
In 2014 we said that £80 extra for the iPad mini 3 (compared to the equivalent mini 2) was a tough sell, because all you got for that money was Touch ID. Apple's 2015 mini update, happily, is a far more tempting one: the mini 4 is a strong update, with lots of enhancements on its predecessor and plenty to convince the Apple fan that it's worth the extra money - the 32GB mini 4 is £140 more than the £32GB mini 2.
What does that £140 buy you? A slimmer and lighter iPad - the slimmest and lightest iPad Apple has yet designed; a faster (and more future-proofed) iPad with a quicker chip and more RAM; an upgraded rear-facing camera and additional Burst and slow-mo modes; faster wireless, better Bluetooth, an anti-reflective screen and a barometer. And the option to get a gold model.
If you just want a cheap, portable iPad for reading emails, browsing the web and playing a few simple games, the mini 2 will do you proud and you might as well save the £140: an iPad for £239 is a real bargain. But for those with ambitions to run more demanding apps, gamers, iPad photographers, even keen ebook readers (who will appreciate the lighter chassis when reading one-handed in bed), we think plumping for the mini 4 is a wise investment.
Best iPad buying guide spring 2016: Which mid-size iPad should you buy - iPad Air 2 or iPad Pro 9.7in?
What are the differences between the iPad Air 2 and the iPad Pro 9.7in?
First, let's sum up the main differences between the iPad Air 2 and 9.7-inch iPad Pro. Take a deep breath, because there are lots.
Physically there's almost nothing in it: they're matched to the nearest gram and tenth of a millimetre, although the Pro 9.7 loses some marks for its camera lens sticking out annoyingly at the back. But that speaks to a more significant difference, which is that the Pro has a far better camera setup.
Apple has added a flash to the rear-facing camera (the Pro 9.7 remains the only iPad ever made to feature a flash), while the front one gets the Retina flash feature, which lights up the screen as a reasonable-quality improvised flash substitute. The Pro's cameras themselves are rated at 12Mp and 5Mp respectively, compared with the Air 2's 8Mp and 1.2Mp.
(On megapixel rating alone, the Pro 9.7's front camera is as good as the rear camera on the mini 2.)
The Pro 9.7 also gets, unlike the Air 2, the Live Photos feature, where short snatches of video are captured before and after still photos so they can be animated, that we've previously seen on iPhones only; 4K video recording (up from 1080p); a sort of 'super slow-mo' option (240fps, up from 120fps) as well as the option to shoot 120fps slow-mo at 1080p, up from 720p; a True Tone flash; larger panoramas (63Mp, up from 43Mp); auto HDR; and a focusing feature that Apple calls Focus Pixels.
The Pro 9.7 has a processor that's one generation more advanced than the Air 2: the A9X to its A8X. And this resulted in clear speed advantages in our lab tests, even though you won't see much real real-world difference until app developers release software that's designed to harness the latest Apple hardware.
The Pro 9.7, like the larger Pro model, is compatible with the Apple Pencil, and it has a discreet connector on its lefthand edge that allows you to attach and power the Smart Keyboard or a third-party equivalent. These two options, while they can be expensive (the Apple Pencil and 9.7-inch Smart Keyboard cost an extra £99 and £149 respectively) make the Pro 9.7 a far more appealing option for business and creative users.
And, while for many buyers this won't be a huge priority, audio is a huge difference. The Pro 9.7 has four speakers, compared to the Air 2's two, and can fill a small room with warm, immersive sound that makes watching films or listening to music a pleasure. The Air 2's audio output is thin in comparison - we would always previously have recommended buying separate wireless speakers if you want to use your iPad as a sound-based device, but the Pro 9.7's enhancements make this largely unnecessary.
And the iPad Pro 9.7 is available in pink, as well as the three colours (silver, gold, Space Grey) that the Air 2 comes in.
But what do these differences mean in terms of your day-to-day experience?
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 1: Display
The screens of the iPad Air 2 and Pro 9.7 are the same in most respects. They are both Retina displays (to understand what that means, see What is a Retina display, and are they worth the money?) and both have a resolution of 2048x1536 and pixel density of 264 pixels per inch. In sharpness they should be identical.
There's one enhancement to the iPad Pro 9.7's screen: a new (optional) feature called True Tone. This is designed to adjust the screen's colour output to account for environmental light conditions. True Tone is very subtle in effect, but sitting at a desk under electric light in late afternoon with the iPad Pro 9.7 and the iPad Air 2 side by side, it was fairly clear that True Tone was gently warming things up and increasing the amount of yellow in the screen - a kind of watered-down version of Night Shift. The nice thing is that you don't need to worry about this feature, just getting a slightly better and more context-appropriate screen performance.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 2: Processor power
With its A9X processor chip, the iPad Pro 9.7 is significantly quicker at general processing and handling graphical tasks than the iPad Air 2 (which has an A8X chip). Let's look again at those benchmark scores, focusing this time on the Air models.
GeekBench 3 speed benchmark scores (version 3.4.1, running on iOS 9.3.1, higher is better):
iPad Air 2: 1841 (single core), 4604 (multicore)
iPad Pro (9.7in): 3076 (single core), 5257 (multicore)
GFXBench OpenGL (version 4.0.10, iOS 9.3.1, average of three tests per device, higher is better):
iPad Air 2:
Manhattan onscreen: 1709 frames, 27.6fps
Manhattan offscreen: 2226 frames, 36fps
T-Rex onscreen: 2684 frames, 47.9fps
T-Rex offscreen: 3440 frames, 61.4fps
iPad Pro (9.7in):
Manhattan onscreen: 2099 frames, 33.8fps
Manhattan offscreen: 2895 frames, 46.7fps
T-Rex onscreen: 3342 frames, 59.7fps
T-Rex offscreen: 5870 frames, 104.8fps
iPad Air 2: 83.757
iPad Pro (12.9in): 144.37
What do these numbers tell us? That the Pro 9.7 is faster than the Air 2 by a clear distance across a range of metrics... in theoretical testing. But this doesn't mean you'll notice a significant difference in real-world performance - not for a while at least.
The most demanding tasks - extremely graphically ambitious 3D games, video and photo editing, and other processor-intensive apps - will start taxing the iPad Air 2 as more and more apps are released with the A9X chip in mind, but for the time being the Air 2 is quite capable of running any app on the App Store.
Think of the Pro 9.7, instead, as future-proofing. As a device that's been around for 18 months less, it should expect to be able to run the most demanding apps, and install iOS updates, without any slowdown for about 18 months more than the iPad Air 2.
If you need your iPad to be able to run the most demanding apps for years to come, the iPad Pro 9.7 is a better choice. If you're willing to upgrade again next year, or if your iPad time is limited to light use - browsing the web, reading emails, playing graphically simple games - then that A9X chip is probably overkill, and you can afford to compromise with the iPad Air 2.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 3: Cameras
The Pro 9.7 has a much better photographic setup than the Air 2, and indeed than any other iPad, with superior specs on the front and back cameras and a range of additional features. Mind you, the Air 2 already had a pretty decent camera.
The Pro 9.7's back and front cameras are rated at 12Mp and 5Mp respectively, compared with the Air 2's 8Mp and 1.2Mp, and the newer iPad gets a flash (on the back camera) and the Retina flash feature (on the front). We'll test out Retina flash in a moment.
The Pro 9.7 also gets Live Photos, 4K video recording (up from 1080p); slow-mo at 240fps (up from 120fps) and the option to shoot 120fps slow-mo at 1080p (up from 720p); and 63Mp panoramas (up from 43Mp).
In some of our test shots - the ones in the most favourable conditions - there wasn't a noticeable difference between the two iPads' camera performance. But when the conditions became slightly more overcast, the Pro began to demonstrate clearer, sharper detail and better contrast (in zoomed-in sections of the pictures):
The front-facing camera is much sharper on the newer model. And having a flash, or a feature that approximate a flash, is a huge convenience. Here's an idea of what you can expect from Retina flash, compared with the Air 2's unflashed effort:
Of course, we always feel like undercutting any praise of an iPad camera by speculating on exactly how many people really rely on an iPad for camera work (isn't it rather inconvenient, size-wise?). But if you do - well, then the iPad Pro 9.7 is right up your street.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 4: Weight and dimensions
Physically the iPad Air 2 and Pro 9.7 are virtually identical. They weigh exactly the same, their dimensions are exactly the same. Both devices are magnificantly slender and convenient to tote around. They can be easily held in one hand, although you'll need two to use them.
There was a time when were very slightly concerned about the robustness of this super-thin design, but after getting used to that 6.1mm chassis we can confirm that the iPad Air 2 is no delicate flower. It hasn't bent at all during - and barely been scuffed by - 18 months of almost non-stop use. We're confident that the Pro 9.7 will prove similarly tough.
One negative point: the Pro 9.7's high-powered camera lens sticks out a bit at the back. (This isn't an issue with the Air 2.) If you lay the Pro flat on its back, particularly on a hard surface, then one corner is raised up awkwardly, and the camera lens scratches against the desk if you push it around. If you equip your iPad with a case or cover, however, this will be far less of a problem.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 5: Accessories
In a move that will be highly signficant to some potential buyers (particularly creative and business users respectively) but trivial to others, Apple has made the iPad Pro 9.7in compatible with the Apple Pencil stylus and Smart Keyboard (in a smaller size).
The former is an unalloyed joy: the Apple Pencil, while extremely expensive as styluses go, is about the best stylus any iPad owner could want. It's nicely balanced, lag-free and nice to look at. It only works with iPad Pros.
The Smart Keyboard, on the other hand, is less of a home run. In the 9.7in size it's quite hard to type on accurately, and we distinctly prefer the experience with the 12.9in model. Still, it's better than the onscreen keyboard - and indeed than other iPad keyboards we've tried in this size - and therefore a solid option to have.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 6: iOS 9 (and beyond)
Finally, both iPad Air 2 and Pro 9.7 will come with iOS 9 preinstalled if you buy them now, and both receive a full complement of its features - with a couple of exceptions.
The only slight point of interest here is that the iPad Air 1 is one generation older than the iPad Air 2, and consequently one rung further down the iOS ladder.
For iOS 8, the iPad 1 couldn't run it at all, the iPad 2 and 3 got most of the features, and the iPad 4 and later got the lot; for iOS 9 in 2015, the iPad 2 and later were again able to join in the fun. But for iOS 10, which was unveiled at WWDC 2016 in June 2016, some older tablets miss out. The iPad 2 and iPad 3 can't run it at all; neither can the iPad mini 1. (See Can my iPad run iOS 10? for more details.)
Each year, owners of older iPads nervously wonder if they're about to stop getting iOS update support. (This isn't the end of the world, of course, and whichever version of iOS you end up 'stuck on' will still work and be supplied with security updates. You just stop getting cool new features.)
Read next: How to update to iOS 9 and iOS 10
You should certainly expect a shorter period of full iOS update support if you buy an iPad Air 2 than if you buy the iPad Pro 9.7. The newer model is more future-proofed, for iOS updates as well as for third-party apps, than the Air 2, although both should have a good few years in them.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 7: Price
The iPad Pro 9.7 is a lot more expensive than its older sibling, although its higher range of storage allocation options exaggerates this difference somewhat. It costs:
Wi-Fi: £549 (32GB), £639 (128GB) and £729 (256GB). Cellular/3G: £669 (32GB), £759 (128GB) and £849 (256GB).
The iPad Air 2 costs:
Wi-Fi: £379 (32GB), £469 (128GB). Cellular/3G: £499 (32GB), £589 (64GB).
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Part 8: Future releases
One last thing to bear in mind before we reach a conclusion: when will the next mid-size iPad come out?
The simple fact is that we don't know. Usually we do: for the past several years Apple has updated its iPad line in autumn, as regular as clockwork. But the 18-month gap between the launches of the iPad Air 2 (autumn 2014) and iPad Pro 9.7 (spring 2016) make it harder to predict the next unveiling.
There are two main possibilities: either Apple has moved on from the Air line, and future iPads will either be iPad minis, or 9.7-inch iPad Pros, or 12.9-inch iPad Pros (all, very likely, updated once a year); or Apple will continue to maintain the Air and 9.7-inch Pro lines side by side (Airs updated in autumn, Pros updated in spring). Both approaches involve potential problems.
Either way, don't expect any more mid-size iPad launches until the spring of 2017. In any case...
Worrying about future releases is no way to plan a tech purchase. The thing is, every tech product quickly becomes obsolete. Sometimes you just have to grit your teeth and take the plunge, knowing that there is a chance that your supplier of choice will stitch you up by replacing the device you just bought at full price with something that's thinner, faster and cheaper. That's just one of the risks we take.
iPad Air 2 vs iPad Pro 9.7in - Conclusion
The iPad Pro 9.7 is a lot more expensive than the Air 2 (direct comparisons aren't possible any more, because there are no overlaps between the two devices' storage offerings, but the Pro is at least £150 dearer at each point than the Air 2 was at launch), yet there are so many signicant improvements that we reckon it's worth it. As usual, however, this depends on personal needs.
If you're into iPad photography, the greatly superior camera specs and range of photographic features makes the Pro 9.7 a better choice. Detail is better in overcast conditions, and the rear-facing flash lets you shoot in low light; there's 4K video; selfies are far sharper, and can be lit using the Retina flash feature; you can create animated wallpapers with Live Photos.
If you're a designer or other creative type, having access to the excellent (if costly) Apple Pencil stylus will be a major plus, and the 9.7-inch Smart Keyboard, while harder to type on quickly and accurately than its 12.9-inch sibling, is a nice option for business users. (We suspect that Logitech will release a more usable keyboard for the Pro 9.7 in the near future, so it might be worth hanging fire for the time being.)
And the processor is quicker, which doesn't mean much right now but will allow you to run processor-intensive apps and graphically demanding games for years to come, while the Air 2 is likely to start slowing down.
Those who have light use in mind (email, browsing the web, simple games etc) should be absolutely fine with an iPad Air 2, and would do well to save the extra cash. Although such customers might want to consider a cheaper option still: the iPad mini 2 or mini 4.
We'll run through the pros and cons of each model, and discuss final decisions (such as storage allocation, 3G and colour choice) in the section called Decision Time. Here are some other sections you might want to read next:
Best iPad buying guide 2106: Which model of 12.9-inch iPad Pro should you choose?
This one won't take long, because the 12.9-inch iPad Pro is still on its first generation: we don't have to worry about choosing between new and old models. The 12.9-inch iPad Pro is available in five versions:
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro (Wi-Fi-only, 32GB): £729
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro (Wi-Fi-only, 128GB): £819
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro (Wi-Fi, 256GB): £909
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro (cellular, 128GB): £939
- 12.9-inch iPad Pro (cellular, 256GB): £1,029
The iPad Pro offers the biggest screen ever on an Apple tablet (12.9 inches), a super-fast processor (the A9X), a solid 8Mp rear-facing camera (if you can imagine using a device as big as that for photography) and a user experience that looks more than capable of replacing a laptop. But on the down side, it's far less portable than even the mid-size iPads (even though it remains admirably slim, the sheer screen area makes it a handful) and ruinously expensive.
How much storage does your 12.9-inch iPad Pro need?
As has become an annoying tradition with iOS devices lately, the storage options for the iPad Pro have a big hole in the middle. There's no 64GB option: it's either go budget, with 32GB (probably a little on the low side for a work, creative or semi-hardcore gaming device) or go big: either 128GB, which we can confirm can be filled up but only if you spend a year reviewing games and make a real effort not to delete anything, or the new and frankly alarming 256GB, which is for serious film editors and creative design users only.
This is a personal decision, of course, but we can offer a little guidance. The things that tend to take up all the space are (in order of size, starting with the biggest): movies; TV shows; games; music; photos and other images; documents. If you plan to use your tablet for lots of things near the start of that list, 32GB may not be enough. Keen gamers, those who like to watch films on the go or keep large music libraries, will find themselves juggling space. Mobile workers may be fine, especially if they store documents in the cloud. (Other cloud-based strategies, such as iTunes Match, can help you cope with a smaller storage allocation.)
But bear in mind that plenty of people coped with just 16GB on their entry-level iPhones, iPad minis and iPad Airs before Apple cut the 16GB option, and it can be done. 32GB is more of a mid-level storage option than a bargain-basement bare minimum.
We look at the question of storage in slightly more detail in a later section of this article: How much storage does my iPad need?
Best iPad buying guide 2016/2017: Decision time!
iPad mini 2: Pros, cons, and who is it for?
Pros: Cheap. Very portable. Retina screen. Solid all-rounder for light use.
Cons: That small screen does a good job, but you simply won't get the same level of immersion in a film or a game as you would on the real estate of a 9.7-inch or (better still) 12.9-inch screen. Doesn't get Touch ID fingerprint scanner, if that's something you're desperate for. Increasingly elderly-seeming processor doesn't offer same longevity as the iPad mini 4's A8, although it remains a usable chip.
Ideal for: Those who are willing to compromise on screen size and Touch ID to get a great deal and a highly portable device.
Read more: iPad mini 2 review
iPad mini 4: Pros, cons, and who is it for?
Pros: Very portable (significantly slimmer and a bit lighter than the mini 2). Decently powerful: comparable to the iPad Air 2. 8Mp rear-facing camera, and some new camera/video modes. Faster wireless and better Bluetooth than mini 2. Touch ID fingerprint scanner. Barometer. Anti-reflective screen finish. Gold colour option.
Cons: Same small-screen reservations as the mini 2. Extra £140 on top of the mini 2 (but still a good deal). Extra processing speed makes it far more future-proofed than mini 2.
Ideal for: The portability-conscious with a higher budget. Gamers on the go. Tablet photographers. Ebook enthusiasts.
Read more: iPad mini 4 review
iPad Air 2: Pros, cons, and who is it for?
Pros: Beautifully thin and light. Strong camera makes it a legitimate photographic option (although it is surpassed by the camera on Pro 9.7). Natty gold colour option. Powerful enough to handle pretty much anything on the App Store.
Cons: Powerful enough to handle pretty much anything on the App Store right now. The more time developers spend working with the A9X, the more apps and games you'll see that are pitched at a higher level than the iPad Air 2's A8X. Can't use Apple Pencil or Smart Keyboard. No natty pink colour option.
Ideal for: Anyone who needs a big screen (not a huge screen - they'll want the 12.9-inch iPad Pro) but is on a budget, and can cope without the very latest in processing muscle and camera megapixellage. Still a great all-rounder, but far less future-proofed than the Pro 9.7.
Read more: iPad Air 2 review
9.7-inch iPad Pro: Pros, cons, and who is it for?
Pros: Even more powerful than the Air 2 - only the 12.9in iPad Pro is a more powerful iOS device, thanks to its extra RAM. The best camera setup on any iPad, including rear flash, Retina flash feature for the front camera, numerous other photographic features and the best megapixel ratings. Gets a new pink colour option (which we actually like!). Can use Apple Pencil and Smart Keyboard.
Cons: Expensive. Overkill for many situations - current apps will run happily on the iPad Air 2's A8X processor. Camera lens sticks out at back. Smart Keyboard is hard to type on quickly and accurately at this size.
Ideal for: Gamers and iPad photographers, and anyone who wants to be able to run the most demanding apps now and in the future. Power users. Those who are boastful and/or rich - if they're not distracted by the 12.9-inch iPad Pro. Business users (if the range of apps meets their approval). Creative design types.
Read more: iPad Pro 9.7in review
12.9-inch iPad Pro: Pros, cons and who is it for?
Pros: Huge screen (12.9 inches). Extremely fast processor. Four speakers. Can use Apple Pencil and Smart Keyboard.
Cons: Least portable iPad yet (although it is admirably slim). Punishingly expensive. Processor speed could be overkill for many prospective buyers.
Ideal for: Creative types, most of all, but anyone who needs a big screen will be interested. Gamers will be intrigued by that insanely fast chip. Those who enjoy consuming media on the go will like the combination of a sumptuous screen and a quad-speaker audio system.
Read more: iPad Pro review
The iPad mini 2 is the tablet to go for if you're looking for a super-portable tablet at a bargain price and are willing to compromise on screen size and processing power. The slimmer-still iPad mini 4 is a better option if portability remains a priority but you also want to be able to run the latest and most demanding apps, and/or want the Touch ID fingerprint scanner (and can afford the extra £100, of course).
The iPad Pro 9.7in is a strong choice if you need a 9.7-inch screen - its numerous enhancements over the iPad Air 2 make it worth the extra money, in our opinion - but you'd be fine with the Air 2 if you're willing to make some sacrifices on the cameras and processing speed, and don't need the Apple Pencil. And the Pro 9.7 is an expensive choice.
And what of the 12.9-inch iPad Pro? This behemoth will serve you well as a laptop replacement, and seems targeted at three distinct groups: business users, gamers and (most of all) creatives. It's going to cost you, but if you want that big, big screen, that super-fast processor and those tasty new accessories, it should be worth it.
Should you buy your iPad on contract?
We'd generally say not - it'll be cheaper up front but you'll end up paying more in the long run. But it all depends on your budget and the most convenient way to pay for your device. (Businesses often prefer to pay for employees' tablets on contract.) And if you find a good deal, that may be enough to swing the decision.
Remember that you won't be able to switch to a different data provider until you've finished paying off the contract. (The iPad is likely to be locked to the original contract provider. Here's how to unlock an iPad from its network, once you've fulfilled your contractual obligations.)
We discuss the best iPad contract deals in a separate article: Best cheap iPad deals UK.
If you'd like to specifically compare two of the iPad range head to head, take a look at our comparisons:
We'll add more comparisons to this section in future updates.
What storage capacity should my iPad have?
The five iPads offer anywhere from 32GB to 256GB. How much storage capacity will you need?
Well, first of all remember that you can't upgrade the storage capacity of an iPad at a later date: this is your storage limit from now until you buy another iPad, so aim high and buy as much storage as you can afford. Apple is probably a little cheeky in how much more it charges at each storage point (this stuff is relatively cheap for a manufacturer to upgrade), but it's better to spend an extra few pounds now than to buy an entire new iPad in six months' time. Also bear in mind that the true storage capacity of an iOS device is less than the advertised capacity, partly because of the space taken up by pre-installed software.
Storage capacity is in our experience mainly used up by three things: music, photos, and videos, in increasing order of storage drain. If you want to keep lots of films - or even a few, to be honest - then you need high storage: probably the 64GB unit or higher for video fans. Same applies to large photo or music libraries, to a lesser extent, although Photo Streams and iTunes Match respectively make it practical (if perhaps not preferable) to keep your stuff in the cloud and access it remotely. Luckily 32GB is the base storage capacity now, so you'll be OK if you want to keep any sort of media library on your iPad.
The other thing that will fill up your storage is apps, but the amount of space they take up varies enormously. Those heavy-duty games we talked about earlier will use up a lot of space, and gamers should aim high on storage - 64GB is a good bar to aim at, with 32GB the new low end.
I use a comic viewer app with lots of comics in it, and unsurprisingly they do their bit in helping to fill my (128GB) iPad to over half-capacity. If you think it's not possible to fill the largest iPads - well, it can certainly be done, but if I was on a lower-capacity model I'd be more incentivised to delete apps I use less often. I basically pay no attention to deleting old apps or photos, and I'm still closer to the 64GB mark than to the 128GB mark. But there's only one film on there - that's the killer.
32GB is much better than 16GB these days, and you can manage if you're willing to delete apps after you stop using them, don't use hardcore games, transfer photos fairly regularly to the cloud or your Mac, and don't use the iPad as a media/music library.
Nevertheless, read about why it's not a good idea to buy the now defunct 16GB version: The problem with Apple's 16GB iPhones and iPads. Though, you'd still be able to pick up a 16GB model from the Refurbished Store.
I'm not sure we can help too much on this one. But the basic gist is this: if you're getting the iPad mini 2, you can buy it in black (or Space Grey, in Apple's terminology) or white (silver). If you're getting the iPad mini 4, the iPad Air 2 or 12.9-inch iPad Pro, you get an extra option on top of those: gold. And if you're getting the iPad Pro 9.7in, you get all three of those options and pink (or rather Rose Gold) too.
We really like the iPad in gold, as we mentioned earlier - it's quite bronze-like in its warmth - and the pink, while a bit of an opinion divider, is nowhere near as bold as that sounds. But black or white are the more conservative options.
Here's what they look like:
The 3G/4G/Cellular option
Finally, do you need 3G/4G/cellular connectivity?
It's a luxury, I'd say, even if it's a nice one to have. For an extra £100 or so, you'll be able to access the web and email, and use connected apps, away from a Wi-Fi network. (You also need to factor in the cost of a data plan.) Consider carefully how often you're going to do that - with an iPad mini there's likely to be more on-the-go use than with a full-size iPad, but it's still a lot to pay for something you may only use from time to time. Have you got a regular (overground) commute where you'd enjoy catching up on news headlines or email? Then it could be worth the extra.
Just bear in mind, as a commenter called Chromejob points out below, that the cellular option also brings with it a GPS radio - meaning that you'll be able to pull in accurate location data when using your device on the go.
So that's it - hopefully we've walked you through the iPad buying decision without too many tears. We wish you many happy hours of iPad use.
Bonus 1: The Refurbished option
We'll mention this only briefly because it's covered elsewhere, but one option you should absolutely consider is Apple's Refurbished store. It's a sort of halfway house between new and second-hand: the devices are pre-owned, but Apple has checked them thoroughly, replaced any worn-out components and rated them as good as new (and you get a warranty to prove it).
If this sounds appealing, have a look at our in-depth article: Should you buy a refurbished iPad: The differences, pros and cons of refurbished and brand-new iPads
Bonus 2: The laptop option
The launch of the ultra-slim 12-inch MacBook has presented Apple customers with a new dilemma: for certain types of buyer, and certain uses, this thin-and-light laptop is a legitimate alternative to a tablet.
If you're going to pick a laptop instead of a tablet, the 12-inch MacBook is one of the better options out there. On the plus side, you gain an integrated hardware keyboard (very handy if you're likely to use your device for long-form typing) and the ability to run full desktop software thanks to the MacBook's use of Mac OS X. On the down side, it's considerably more expensive than the top-end iPad Air 2, for example, and twice as heavy.
For a direct comparison of the 12-inch MacBook and the iPad Air 2, see our article: New 12-inch MacBook vs iPad Air 2. And don't miss our iPad Pro vs MacBook Air comparison review. For more general discussion of the Mac range, including Apple's various laptops, take a look at our Mac buyers' guide.
Bonus 3: The Android option
Yes, you should. On balance we prefer iPads to pretty much any company's rival tablets, but Android tablets (and even Windows tablets) have plenty to offer and are a better options for some buyers.
Android tablets are designed and manufactured by a variety of companies, but they are united by the fact that they all run a version of Google's Android operating system. There is therefore a lot of variety between these tablets, in terms of their design, features and price tags.
Android tablets tend to be (but are not always) cheaper than iPads of comparable power, so you could view them as better value for money - although they also tend to be less attractively designed, and your software options are less appealing.
(There's plenty of debate over the relative merits of Android itself and the iPad's iOS operating system - we think iOS is easier to use - but it's hard to argue with the statement that the apps available for iOS are on average better than those for Android. Apple curates its App Store more strictly than Google polices the Google Play store, so there's more junk on Google's platform. And because iOS users have proved more inclined to spend money on apps than their Android counterparts, app developers frequently release their wares on iOS first.)
For those who are comfortable with Android's (arguably!) more difficult and rough-edged operation - and we're not talking rocket science, just a bit more potential for customisation and slightly greater scope for installing something dodgy if you're not paying attention - then an Android tablet could well be a better budget option. For one thing, if you want something basic for extremely light use, going outside of Apple's product line-up brings in some super-budget options (such as the Tesco Hudl) that may fit what you're looking for.
We discuss some of these options (including our opinion on the debate, but looking at both sides) in a separate article: Why iOS beats Google Android. But another good place to start weighing up the pros and cons of the Apple and non-Apple options is the series of comparison reviews we've put together to directly compare iPads with major rivals - both Android and Windows tablets are relevant for comparison. Here are some highlights:
If you do decide to plunge into the Android ecosystem, our colleagues at PC Advisor are well equipped to walk you through the buying process. Take a look at their list of the best Android tablets.
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