iPhoto was one of the original Jobsian babies and had a long run of over a decade. But all good things come to an end, and last year Apple sent if off to the irrelevant apps farm. If you purchased it or received it free with a new Mac then you might find it still available under the Purchase tab of the Mac App Store, but it's no longer updated - and in our world of cloud photo storage, it's also pretty irrelevant.
Read next: iPhone photography tips
Apple created the Photos app as a swap-in on the Mac. It's been with us for over a year now, and do you know what? Despite its youth, it's not at all bad. It isn't the Aperture competitor some were hoping for, and its fundamental design philosophy is quite different to iPhoto (being cloud-focused it's simply more up to date), but for basic to moderate picture-related tasks it's hard to fault. Indeed, those who dislike it tend to hate more the infrastructure behind it, such as the tight tie-in with the flawed iCloud photos sync process.
Those people, as well as anybody who's simply curious, will be pleased to hear alternatives to Photos exist. Here we take a look at those inexpensive or even free offerings that are good for the less demanding end of the image-editing user base. We're talking about apps that just about anybody can get to grips with, and that offer results without a near-vertical learning curve. (We'll be looking at alternatives to pro-level editors in a separate, upcoming piece.)
There are two sides to Photo's coin. The first is image management - that is, cataloguing your photos, creating organisational albums, and providing quick access, such as tagging and searching facilities. The second side of the coin is photo editing and tweaking. In this article we look at apps that scratch one or other of the itches, and often both.
- RRP: Free
- Buy from Google
As with all things Google, its Photos product exists mostly online and is mostly accessed via a web browser. It's also free to use if you have a Google account: just visit http://photos.google.com. All your photos are stored in Google's cloud and for Google Photos to access your existing library of photos there's a small Mac app you can install that'll upload everything as well as set up monitoring of your system for any and all new photos that are find their way onto your hard disk (there are also iOS and Android apps for the same task).
For example, insert into your Mac a SD card, or attach the camera by USB cable, and the app will grab the photos and upload them to Google's cloud. The Mac app offers two upload options. The first will upload what Google calls "high quality" images, although these are "at reduced file size". You can upload as many of these as you want, for free, literally without limit. However, if you want to upload full original-quality images - a useful way of freeing up disk space - you'll need to use some of your Google Drive space. If you haven't got enough of that then you'll need to buy some, although bear in mind you get 15GB free and, although the likes of Gmail also eat into that, it's enough space for a healthy-sized image library.
When accessed via the browser, Google Photos is mostly an image organiser and cataloguing service. Once images are uploaded you can add them to albums, for example, or even create collages or animations (that is, slideshows). This being Google, you can also share images and albums easily with others by sending them a link.
Google Photos' big and impressive trick is to recognise the content of photos automatically, based on neural network identification and metadata. Type "water" into the search field, for example, and you'll filter your collection to just images containing shots of the sea, or rivers, or lakes. Type "woman" and you'll see just images of, well, women. You can even enter sophisticated search phrases like "man in Croydon". It works pretty well and certainly saves the effort of individually tagging images.
Google Photos' weakness appears when it comes time to edit or tweak images. You're limited to sliders letting you adjust the lightness and colour (there's no dedicated contrast control, for whatever reason), as well as "pop" and vignette. The latter appears to simultaneously adjust contrast, edge enhancement and saturation, while the former adds a circular shadow to the corners of the image to focus attention on the middle of it. A handful of ready-made filters are also available, and you can rotate/crop images. But that's about it. There are no brush-based tools, or the ability to mask images so you can selectively edit just one part of an image. There's no discrete sharpen tool.
To edit any image in your own choice of editor on your Mac, you have to first download it, then edit it, and finally upload it again. Yeah, you're right. That's annoying.
Still, as a genuine replacement for Photos in the cataloguing and vital cloud-storage/sharing department, Google Photos is about as good as it gets. And provided you don't mind letting Google see all your snapshots, it's free.
- RRP: £9.99
- Buy from Ryan Harter
Elegant simplicity is the name of the game with Unbound, which you can get for £7.99 from the Mac App Store. Essentially, it's a photos file manager, although it's optimised for displaying galleries.
Just point it at your existing photo folders when it starts for the first time, or via its Preferences dialog box at a later date, and it'll then show each folder of images as an album within its interface. Create a new album in Unbound and it'll appear as a new folder on your hard disk. Move images into this new album using Unbound, and they'll be moved into the folder. Right-click to delete an image or folder in Unbound and it'll be sent to the Trash.
You surely get the impression. This is super simple stuff. Alas, this means there's no face-recognition or other cleverness - although there is a simple, straightforward text-search option for locating albums/folders. However, Unbound can play simple slideshows, display EXIF information (that is, technical data recorded within the image by the camera), and can also use GPS location data to display photos on a map. There's zilch when it comes to photo editing, although you can right-click on photos within Unbound in order to open them within Preview or any other photo-editing program. Again, because Unbound is essentially a glorified file manager, the edits will appear immediately within Unbound once you tap save in that other app.
There's no cloud storage integration per se but if you use Dropbox or similar then you can point Unbound at your Dropbox folder and use it to manage what's there. The iOS version of Unbound works in conjunction with Dropbox and allows you to sync photos across all your Macs and iOS devices, but will cost you a further £2.29.
We could criticise Unbound for being so simple but that's the whole point. In fact, the only real criticism we have is that it's not compatible with the Photos image archive bundle. In other words, Unbound can't manage your Photos library (or at least not without first exporting each and every one of them), and nor can you use Unbound alongside Photos.
Adobe Photoshop Elements 14
- RRP: £79.99
We tried to limit ourselves to inexpensive offerings here and at £79.99 on the Mac App Store, Photoshop Elements fulfils that brief in no way, shape or form. Outside of pro software we can think of few offerings that come with such a strewth-inducing price ticket. However, Photoshop Elements simply can't be bettered if you're looking for a Mac-based image editing and cataloguing app that just about anybody can use. Adobe cherry-picked the useful features of the pro-level Photoshop, while adding a whole bunch of easy-to-use tools.
As with Apple's Photos app, there are two strings to the bow of Photoshop Elements. The first is the separate Organiser app. This provides tools for organising your photo collection, and is very similar to Photos, with options for grouping together events, faces (via automatic recognition) and places. It's also possible to create projects like slideshows, photo DVDs, and printed media like calendars or photobooks. Unique to Organiser is the Live tab, which contains links to third-party tutorials for Photoshop Elements, as well as good examples of images produced using the software.
Then there are the photo-editing tools within the Photoshop Elements app. These go way beyond anything you'll find in Photos or indeed within most image-editing apps. There's a set of automatic Smart Fix tools to help beginners get started, and a special Guided Edit mode that can give you step-by-step help with tasks such as restoring old photos or using photographic techniques such as the hazy Orton Effect. New to Elements 14 is the ability to magically remove camera shake and haze from photos, and both worked spookily well in our tests.
Alternatively, you can switch to Expert mode to get a toolbar reminiscent of Photoshop and, indeed, you'll find most of the useful tools found there, such as selection, heal, clone, and so on. Although it looks different, Expert mode genuinely is reminiscent of the real, full Photoshop experience.
In terms of one-click filters and effects, this is another area where Photoshop Elements leaves Photos trailing in its wake. The program's Filter Gallery has its own editing mode, where you can explore dozens of artistic effects, as well as having fun by stretching and distorting your photos in various ways. You can see five versions of your photo that use different filter settings.
Do we recommend Photoshop Elements? Oh yes. It really is all the keenest amateur could ever need, although with the caveat there there's no cloud integration. This is an app for use if you want to keep your images on your Mac and not automagically share them across your iOS devices. We'll never be happy with the rather greedy £80 retail price but shop around and you can get a boxed copy of Photoshop Elements 14 for less than £50 (ensure you don't confuse Photoshop Elements with Premiere Elements, which is a video editing package). Note that this will require a DVD drive to install, and also note that Adobe's draconian software licensing protections mean you can't install any of its software on a computer that isn't online.
- RRP: £23.99
- Buy from Shiny Frog
Weighing in at a questionable £18.99 on the Mac App Store - around twice the maximum we'd expect to pay for an app like this - Pixa has much in common with Unbound, reviewed earlier. It's a slightly more sophisticated photo cataloguing app, however, and if you find Unbound attractive but just too basic then it's worth investigating.
Like Photos and iPhoto before it, Pixa copies any images you add to its own library. This means that you needn't worry about accidentally erasing the originals. However, the rather clever Live Folder system means you can also configure Pixa to watch certain folders or even drives in order to automatically import any photos you add. In other words, you could setup Pixa to monitor your Pictures folder and it’ll automatically grab anything you download from an SD card or via a USB cable.
Rather confusingly, Pixa refers to albums as Projects, but they're essentially exactly the same in operation. One difference is that several projects can subsequently be added to folders to create a higher level of organisation - you could create a folder called Holidays, for example, and have individual projects within it reflecting where you’ve been abroad.
Although the image library is stored on your Mac's hard disk, and there's no iOS version of Pixa, some cloud integration is possible via the share button that can automatically upload to Imgur, Dropbox, or CloudApp (sorry, Google Drive, Box or Microsoft OneDrive users!). Unfortunately, you can only have one of those set up at a time, with Imgur being the default if no other service is configured. This took us by surprise when we initially clicked the button to see what would happen; there's no notification or confirmation that the image is about to be uploaded and shared with the world. One of our personal family images is now on Imgur, with no way to delete it!
You can add your own tags (keywords) to help with searches, but Pixa also helps out by analysing photos as you import them and adding tags relating to the size of each image and the dominant colours within the image. This is clever although perhaps of questionable usefulness unless it's as sophisticated as Google Photos' implementation.
As well as importing most photo file formats Pixa can also import graphics files such as screenshots and vector graphics files from programs like Adobe Illustrator, so it can be a handy tool for designers who work with lots of different graphics and photo formats. It even adds a special tool to the main menu bar on your Mac that allows you to capture screenshots and web pages to import into Pixa.
There are no photo editing tools in Pixa, or filters/effects, but it does include some useful export options that allow you to convert images into different sizes and file formats, and even templates for creating graphics such as iOS icons. You can right-click an image to edit it in another image editor you have installed and the changes are automatically reflected instantly within Pixa.
- RRP: Free
- Buy from Autodesk
Although it's available on pretty much every computing device you might use, including via a web browser, the Pixlr desktop app we're looking at here contains no image cataloguing or cloud functionality. Files are saved to your hard disk only, despite the fact the iOS version of the app features iCloud camera roll integration.
The name of the game with the desktop version, at least, is editing and tweaking. Those edits and tweaks are mostly limited to the modern and quick one-click variety popularised by apps like Instagram. We're not necessarily complaining about the lack of cloud support - and considering much of the base functionality is entirely free to use it would be ungracious to do so - but it does feel like a missed opportunity. It's especially baffling considering the app is now owned by industry giant Autodesk (the app was formerly known as Pixlr-o-matic).
The desktop Pixlr app can be downloaded from the Mac App Store for no cost. You'll need to log into the app with an account created at the Pixlr website to unlock most of the functionality, although again this is free. Paying an optional $1.99 a month (or a yearly $14.99) will unlock the useful masking tool in the desktop app, along with the somewhat less vital colour channel controls.
The app is blissfully simple to use and most things are concentrated around a toolbar at the left of the screen. Click the Fast toolbar button, as one example, and a separate toolbar appears offering the ability to crop the image, or straighten it. Just about every tool you might need for one-click fixing is present on the Fast and also the Refine toolbars, in fact, but curiously missing are some traditional (old-fashioned?) controls, such as the ability to adjust an image's white balance.
The Effects, Overlay and Toolbar buttons provide just about every combination of filter and look/feel you could want. In fact, in its marketing literature Autodesk boast of the hundreds of possible combinations and we have to say that if filters are your thing then you'll be very happy.
Stickers from an extensive library can also be applied to the image, as can text, and with all the tools the most you're required to do is click and drag one or two sliders to adjust the severity. Pay for the subscription and you'll unlock the mask tool, which lets you hive off parts of the image to apply the edits or effects to. This allows more control but it's still shy of the kind of control demanding image editors require.
Again, curiously missing are most traditional kinds of brush tools, such as the ability to clone out annoyances, although a fairly useless heal brush tool is provided that merely seems to turn the spot where you click into a blurry mishmash. The lack of brushes is especially galling considering the web version of Pixlr is has them. Usually we find that the online version of an app is a poor imitation of the desktop version but, arguably, this is turned on its head with Pixlr. Notably, the online version of Pixlr requires the Adobe Flash plugin to work, which is unacceptable in this day and age because of security concerns.
In short, Pixlr is a desperately bang-up-to-date, zeitgeisty image editor. If you're into one-click fixes and simply having fun with your pics (and why shouldn't you be?) then it's up there with the best. However, even the modest amateur photographer will press up against its limitations quickly and the fact some features are missing - such as cloud integration - is just baffling. Perhaps this is one to watch, in order to see how it develops now Autodesk has taken ownership?
- RRP: £69.99
- Buy from Corel
Advertised as a competitor to the pro-level Adobe Lightroom, and weighing in at a hefty £69.99, Corel AfterShot Pro is aimed at more experienced photographer who is confident about working with the likes RAW image files.
It includes both image cataloguing and editing/tweaking facilities but it doesn't hold your hand and won't automatically organise photos for you in the same way that Photos does. You have to do a bit of work yourself here, by organising your photos into catalogues for specific events or projects. Most of the required options are on the File menu. But once that's done, you can quickly sort your photos by name, date, focal length, shutter speed and other settings stored within the photos' EXIF values. There's also a Metadata Browser that allows you to locate metadata within your image files, such as date and time, flash settings, and even the make of camera used.
We like the way that AfterShot displays a vertical strip of previews alongside a larger view of the currently selected photo. This makes it easy to quickly scroll through your photo library and view full-size versions of your photos at the same time.
AfterShot Pro splits its editing tools across a series of tabbed palettes. The Standard palette contains a series of slider controls for basic settings such as contrast, exposure and saturation, while other palettes concentrate on areas such as colour correction, tonal adjustments and detail enhancement. New to version 3 is a watermarking tool by which you can add text overlay to images to indicate copyright or status, and a blemish tool that can be remove spots or small unsightly artefacts. This works in a very clever way because rather than hold down Alt/Option to define an origin point, as with most apps, you drag a connected circle to indicate the origin point that the tool uses for its sample. This allows very quick adjustments.
AfterShot Pro's tools work well and really are all you need to spruce up your images in just every possible way. However, beginners might be left wondering what half of the tools actually do. In most cases you can experiment by simply adjusting sliders, and there are some simpler options, such as an autolevel button that can quickly adjust light and colour within a photo. But ultimately AfterShot Pro is for, well, pros!
It's certainly a competitor to pro-level tools like Adobe Lightroom and in some ways feels like a more powerful swap-in for the departed Apple Aperture app, that was canned at the same time as iPhoto. It is, however, cheaper than Lightroom, so it's good value if you're on a tight budget. There's a 30-day fully functional demo version you can try out first.
- RRP: £19.99
- Buy from Polarr
Like Pixlr, Polarr has no pretentions to be an image cataloguing and management app. However, it does let you open multiple images in order to compare them, or work on them in sequence. Notably, it can also work as a plugin for the main Photos app, which is to say once it’s enabled in the Extensions section of the System Preferences app, it’ll appear as an option when you choose to edit something within Photos. All of its functions will then appear within the Photos window.
Polarr costs £14.99 on the Mac App Store. In fact, there's also a free version of Polarr, without Photos integration and a handful of other things, such as premium photo packs, and we reckon it's best to use that as a free trial to get a taste for the app before making the investment.
And as an image editor, tweaker and improver, Polarr easily belies the low asking price. What's on offer is somewhere between the kind of pro tools offered by AfterShot Pro, reviewed earlier, and Photo's own modest editing toolkit. For example, you can easily adjust the colour temperature, tint, and vibrancy, as well as exposure, shadows, highlights, and so on. Dig down and you'll find lens distortion correction and vignette tools are available, and even high-level tools like curves adjustment. We particularly liked the haze adjustment tool, that can remove wishy-washy skies in landscape pictures. All these tools are located as a series of sliders and graphs at the right. Look to the left of the user interface, however, and you'll see a collection of ready-made one-click filters à la Instagram. These are not only lots of fun but actually very high-quality offerings.
Other things we liked enormously was the ability to step back in the editing history to not just undo a most recent edit but one several steps before if needed. The before-and-after comparison tool is also pretty cool. We're less inclined to write home about the masking tool, however, by which you can define smaller areas of the image to apply the effects to without affecting the rest. This appeared to be limited to just a radial selection tool, and a gradient selection tool. In other words, it wasn't possible to draw on the image via a brush to define an area.
There really is a lot to like in Polarr, which successfully bridges the gap between amateur and pro-level tools. All the folks behind Polarr have to do is add in elementary image cataloguing facilities and this app would be a very convincing competitor for Photos.
- RRP: £16
- Buy from Lyn
It's interesting that many of the photo management apps reviewed here deliberately keep things simple, and Lyn is no exception. Costing a somewhat toe-curling £16, it almost justifies this asking price with a number of unique boasts. It's compatible with your existing Photos library, for example, so you can use Lyn alongside Photos if you wish. It boasts an extremely wide-ranging support for different image types, including RAW files from the majority of cameras in use today.
When it starts Lyn defaults to indexing your Pictures folder and if you've never used Photos then this is likely to be the best choice. Like the other basic cataloguing apps discussed here, Lyn doesn't keep its own library of photos but instead acts like a kind of glorified file editor for images. This can save on disk space by avoiding duplicating files.
Alas, it's not quite plain sailing. Although you can browse your Photos collection, for example, Lyn is not clever enough to understand the somewhat complicated folder structure within the Photos library bundle. The result is that you frequently have to navigate down through many folders to find an image (for example, Masters > 2005 > 8 > 7 > 20050807 – 153627).
It can be hard to overstate Lyn's simplicity. You can't create albums, for example, so it's up to you to keep your photos in a reasonably tidy set of folders using Finder (although you're able to create new folders within Lyn). However, you can create links to favourite folders for instant access, and Lyn also provides multiple viewing options when browsing your photos. Its icon view shows quick previews of all the photos in a folder, while 'split' view also displays a larger close-up of the currently selected photo. There's also a useful list view that displays small previews of your photos along with metadata, such as exposure or aperture setting. Its Inspector panel displays additional editable metadata, including keywords for searching, and GPS data with a maps option.
Editing images is possible via basic adjustment tools similar to those found in Photos. There's a histogram that allows you to highlight specific colours within an image, and simple slider controls for adjusting exposure, brightness and colour settings. It's a shame, though, that there are no automatic quick fix options. I couldn't uncover any filters or one-click effects either.
Lyn is something of a curate's egg with admirable and not-so-admirable bits. If it weren't for the fact that we'd reviewed other simple image cataloguing apps here we might be tempted to recommend it, although that high asking price sticks in our throat. However, at the end of the day we'd still prefer to use an app like Unbound, which is also cheaper.