Apple's Messages app is the home of all your text messages, including those sent and received from friends without iPhones, and iMessages, which are the messages your friends who have iPhones can send you for free.

Text messaging using the app is simple (although if you are a bit stuck you can read: How to send a text message on an iPhone here.) However, in iOS 10 Apple added a lot of new features to Messages, some of which you may not even have discovered yet. In this tutorial we will explain how to use the new features in Messages as well as some of the most useful older features.

When Apple updated iOS, the iPhone and iPad operating system, back in September 2016 it added some nice new features to Message, including: New bubble animations, handwriting, invisible ink, tapback responses, gifs, and more.

These new features join some of our favourite older features including: Recording an instant audio message, share your location, and the ability to access your Messages on all your Apple devices - Mac, iPad, iPhone and iPod touch.

We’ll look at these new features as well as some of our favourite older Messages features below, read on to find out how to use them.

You can also read and send text messages using the Messages app on the Mac. Find out how here: How to send and receive text messages on a Mac.

Related: iOS 9 vs iOS 10 | iOS tips | iOS 11 news

Use Emoji, send bubble animations & handwritten messages

How to convert text to Emoji

By using emoji you can add a little light-heartedness to your messages, a wink to say ‘I’m not having a go, really’ or a smily face with tears to indicate that you are ‘laughing out loud’ (not in floods of tears - this could get confusing!)

In iOS 10 Apple made it even easier to use emoji by autosuggesting the emoji you could supplement for a word: e.g. type ‘rabbit’ and a picture of a rabbit will appear as one of the predictive text suggestions. You will need to have Predictive text turned on in Settings > General > Keyboards for this to work.

You can also use this predictive feature after you have composed your message. If you tap on the emoji icon on the keyboard (the smily face) the words that have emoji associated with them will turn orange. Just tap on the red word to automatically change it to the emoji. If you don’t want to overwrite the word with the emoji you could just tap beside the word in the normal keyboard view and then tap on that emoji to have it added to your message beside the word.

To find out more about using Emoji on the iPhone, iPad and Mac read this: How to use emoji on iPhone, iPad & Mac

How to use Messages in iOS 10: Emoji

Use bubble animations

There are new animated bubble effects in Messages in iOS 10.

First, write your message. But instead of tapping the blue arrow to send your iMessage, tap and hold the arrow (or use a Force Press, if you've got 3D Touch) instead. You will now be presented with four options: slam, loud, gentle, and invisible ink.

The four options provide different bubble styles. Slam, as the name suggests, places the message in your conversation with a slap-on effect animation. Loud wiggles the message and enlarges the font. Gentle writes the message in a small font and then slowly reverts back to the default size font, and finally the Invisible Ink option hides the message so that your receiver has to swipe across the message to reveal it - useful for surprises or sensitive information you wish to share.

If you are able to send the various message animations available in iOS 10, but can’t receive them it might be because you have turned "Reduce Motion” on in Settings. To disable the feature, head to Settings > Accessibility > Reduce Motion and make sure it's toggled off. If it still doesn’t work toggle iMessage off and on in the Settings menu, which should kick-start those message animations. This can be done by heading to Settings > Messages and toggling iMessage off and on.

Send handwritten messages

In iOS 10 Apple made it possible to send handwritten Messages. To activate this tap on the heart icon on the left-hand side of the text field box (if you don’t see it, tap on the arrow on the left of the keyboard and it will appear). You'll be presented with a small black pallet allowing you to draw or send animated gestures. Luckily you’ll see a reminder of how to make various gestures appear - such as a Heart, or a Fireball.

You can also record a video and add effects to this. If you want to record a video, press on the small arrow on the right-hand side of the new section. You'll also be given the option to take a photo.

The tools here are very basic, this isn’t a competitor to Snapchat, yet. However Apple’s new video and social media app, Clips, may well integrate with this. Read about Clips here.

Send iMessage animations, send invisible messages & use tapbacks

How to send a full screen iMessage animation

You can also add a fullscreen animation to your messages. To do this, write your message and tap and hold the blue arrow button, but instead of selecting the bubble option as above, tap on the Screen tab to see a Send with Balloons animation effect.

There are a number of other animations to choose from. Swipe left to see Send with Confetti, Love, Lasers, Fireworks, Shooting Stars, and Celebration.

How to use Messages in iOS 10 - Background

Send an invisible message

Got a secret? You can send an invisible message that your friend will only see if they tap on the message.

Type your message and then tap and hold the blue arrow icon before choosing Invisible Ink from the Bubble options.To view the message your friend needs to tap on it, the words will appear for a few seconds before disappearing again.

You can also send photos this way, although the invisible ink doesn’t completely disappear from the image when you tap it, so to see the whole image you will need to press and hold the image until you see the option to save it.

Tapback to visually respond to a message

Tapback is a little bit like Facebook’s Like options. To use the feature, simply double tap on an iMessage and you'll be presented with a heart, thumbs up, thumbs down, 'Haha', two exclamation marks, and a question mark. This enables you to quickly respond to a message without having to type any text.

How to use Messages in iOS 10 - Tapback

Add stickers and speech bubbles, send Gifs and YouTube videos

How to find and use stickers in iMessage

You can also add stickers to your messages. Tap on the App Store icon beside the heart and camera icons next to the text bar and you will be presented with various stickers including handwritten messages and gifs. You can also find more stickers at the App Store. Tap on the four blobs on the bottom left and then the icon for Store.

Find gifs to send in Messages

Tap on the app icon and swipe to the images and videos screen. You an search for gifs here in the search box marked Find images and videos.

Watch YouTube videos in Messages

When pasting in links, you would previously see the URL with no preview or idea of what the website looks like to your recipient. With the new Messages update in iOS 10, iMessage now automatically pulls in the main image from the website and provides a nice preview for your recipient.

This is nice, but it’s not that exciting. What is exciting is that it means if you paste in a YouTube video link you and your friend will be able to watch the video directly through the Messages app without having to open up the YouTube app or a browser.

How to use Messages in iOS 10 - Links

Take and send photos in Messages and find and delete images

How to take a photo in Messages

The ability to send a photo through Messages isn’t new, but now you can actually can take a photo from within the Messages app, via a view finder at the bottom of the screen.

Simply tap on the camera button on the left-hand side of your text box and the camera will operate. You'll see a live stream of your camera from the bottom half of your Messages application.

You can take selfies, Live Photos and videos. If you swipe to the left you will see your recently taken photos - you can tap on as many of these as you’d like to send via iMessage. Alternatively swipe to the right for a short cut to the Photo Library or to go straight to the camera.

You can edit your photo before sending it. Tap the image you've just inserted within your Messages app and you'll be presented with tools for marking up and editing the image.

How to use Messages in iOS 10 - Camera

Find, and delete images in Messages

Since Messages was updated for iOS 8, it has been really easy to find every image and attachment in a Message conversation. All attachments are now organised in one place. Tap on the i in the top right to access ’Details'.

It's a great way to view all the attachments from a busy conversation at once, and far easier to delete images and attachments if you wish to free up space on your iPhone (press and hold on an image in Details view and then choose More, and tap on each photo you wish to delete to ‘delete all’.

Send Music in Messages

You can also send music via Messages - although the recipient will need an Apple Music account to listen. Just as you did when sending Stickers, tap on the App Store icon beside the heart and camera icons next to the text bar as before you will be presented with various stickers, swipe to the left and you will see the option to send songs from Apple Music to your recipient. You can even listen to the songs within Messages.

Add people to, and exit a group conversation

How to add people to existing group conversations

We discussed setting up a group message earlier in this article. One of the features that arrived with iOS 9 was the ability to add a new person to a group chat that had already started.

To do so, go to your group conversation, tap details and then tap Add Contact.

Exit group conversations

Another addition in iOS 9 was the ability to mute group conversations that were getting too noisy.

If you're fed up with getting pinging alerts from a group conversation, you can leave it at any point. To do so, go to Details, scroll down and then tap Leave this Conversation.

More subtly, you can mute group conversations on a per-thread basis - the rest of your messages will carry on generating normal notifications, but your iPhone won't buzz to let you know any further updates to this conversation. Again, go to Details, then turn the 'Do Not Disturb' slider on (it will appear green).

Record an instant audio message, and lift to hear messages

How to record and send an audio message

Another new feature that arrived in iOS 8 was the ability to send short audio messages instead of typing out text. This is particularly popular amongst non-English speakers.

Touch and hold on the microphone icon beside the text box to record your message, or simply hold your device up to your ear and speak, and then swipe up to send it. If you want to cancel and delete, swipe left.

Lift to hear voice messages

If you want to hear a message, you can simply hold the iPhone up and listen to it like it's a phone call, in a lovely, neat bit of gesture control. Better still, you can immediately speak your reply into the iPhone once the original is finished, and as soon as you lower the phone it will be sent.

Read: How to send a text message when iMessage isn't working

Share your  location

Since iOS 8 you have been able to share your location in a conversation, and you can automatically share your location with every text you send in a conversation (this can be set to turn off after one hour or at the end of the day).

To share your location once, tap details and then tap 'Send My Current Location’.

To share your location automatically, tap 'Share My Location' and then choose between 'Share for One Hour,' 'Share Until End of Day,' or 'Share Indefinitely.'

Know when a message was sent

It’s hard to believe but before iOS 7 it was actually tricky to know when a message was sent because not every message was time stamped. Now to see what time a message was sent just swipe to the left.