There are a number of differences between the Mac and iOS versions of Keynote. The smaller screen of an iPad or iPhone doesn't have room for the large Format Panel that is a key feature of the Mac version, so the iOS version places its main tools into three pull-down menus that are located in the top-right corner of the screen. For this tutorial we want to focus on transitions and 'builds' – the animation effects that you can use to liven up your presentations – so here we've opened up the Tools menu that contains these options.
Of course, the other big difference is that iOS devices have touch-sensitive screens. Pull-down menus are more suited to a mouse or trackpad on a Mac, so the iOS version of Keynote also provides more finger-friendly options for editing your slides. If you tap and hold on a slide in the Navigator bar on the left you'll see a small menu appear that includes basic commands such as Cut, Copy and Paste, and also the Transition command. Similarly, if you tap and hold on any text or graphics objects this menu will display the ‘Animate’ command for creating builds.
Transitions are relatively straightforward, so let’s start there. A transition in Keynote is an animation effect that takes you from one slide to the next, and you can just tap the Transition command to see this menu of more than 30 built-in transition effects. You should also notice that the toolbar running across the top of the screen has turned blue, indicating that you’re now in animation mode. All the tools available in this mode are related to transitions and animation builds, but pressing the ‘Done’ button in the top-right corner will return you to the main editing mode again.
This Page Flip transition creates a kind of ‘pages of history’ effect that works well with the historical theme of this presentation. The 'Play' button at the top of the menu lets you instantly preview any transition at full-screen size, so it's easy to try out different effects and see which ones work best. The Transition menu also includes an Options button that displays additional settings, such as the speed or the direction of the animation, so you can modify each transition to get the timing and the look of your presentation just right.
Now let’s look at the ‘build’ effects that allow you to animate individual elements on your slides. This slide contains a gallery of historical figures from the American Revolution. At the moment this slide is completely static, so let’s try and liven things up a bit. The toolbar is still blue, which means that we're still in animation mode, so clicking on any image will display two build options. The first is 'build in', which determines how each object comes into view on the slide. The 'build out' option determines how – or if – that object will leave the slide or fade from view.
This new version of Keynote seems to have lost a few builds along the way – much to the annoyance of many regular users. However, Apple has already released a 2.0.1 update that adds a few new builds and it has said that it will continue to update the program over the next few months. Right now it includes about 30 builds, and we’ll select ‘Move In’ for our initial build in effect. This is a simple animation that moves objects onto the slide from outside. You can press Play to preview the build, but first we’ll tap Options to make a few changes.
The Options menu displays different settings for each build effect that you choose. For Move In it allows you to change the duration of the effect, and the direction of movement. There’s also a nice little bounce effect that you can turn on or off, which makes your text or graphics objects rebound a little when they reach their final position. You can also specify that the Move In effect runs automatically after the initial slide transition, or that it only starts when you tap the screen. We’ll select the ‘On Tap’ option as that allows us to more precisely control the pace of the presentation.
Tap on the image of George Washington again and this time select the Build Out option. We’ll select a simple Dissolve effect that makes this image fade out of sight when we tap on the image for a second time, and we can preview and adjust the build out just as we did with the build in. Notice that the numbers 1 and 2 have now appeared just at the top of the image of Washington. This indicates the ‘build order’ and tells us that the first build on this slide is Washington’s Move In, followed by the Dissolve as his image disappears again.
As you add build effects to the other images on this slide you can change the build order so that the images appear or disappear in whatever order you want. Instead of starting with George Washington you could make John Jay appear first down in the bottom right of the slide. We’ve also set all the builds to only start ‘on tap’ so we have complete control over the timing of when each image appears or disappears. You might want to add separate builds to the text for each person’s name too, or perhaps use the ‘group’ command to link each name with its accompanying image.
You can preview each build individually by pressing Play in the Build menu, but you can also preview the entire slide by pressing the triangular Playback control in the blue main toolbar. This plays the slide and waits for your tap commands in order to start each build in or build out, so you can see how the entire slide works and decide whether to make any adjustments. That covers the basics of creating builds, but Keynote 2 includes a few more advanced options for transitions and animation effects that we’ll cover next time.