When will the new 12-inch MacBook for 2017 be released? What can I expect from the next 12-inch MacBook in terms of tech specs? How much will the 2017 12-inch MacBook cost? Will the 12-inch MacBook replace the MacBook Air range?

Apple released the 2016 variant of the 12in MacBook back in April 2016, and almost a year on, we're looking to the future and what we could expect from this year's model, the 2017 12in MacBook. Here, we sift through the latest rumours surrounding the 2017 MacBook and also our personal predictions based on previous Apple events, and knowledge of the company.

Those of you that want to find out more about the current 12in MacBook released in April 2016 can take a look at our 12in MacBook review, which covers everything from pricing to performance and design, sprinkled with our personal opinions of Apple's latest MacBook.

Apple didn't update the MacBook or MacBook Air line during its October 2016 event, which saw the launch of the MacBook Pro with Touch Bar. Following that event Apple cut the 11in MacBook Air completely, a move that suggests that the 12-inch MacBook may soon replace the Air line. We predict a refresh to the MacBook line in March or April 2017 will confirm the replacement.

Updated, 30 January 2017, with Ming-Chi Kuo's prediction that Apple will release new Kaby Lake MacBooks - including a new 15-inch model - in Q2 2017.

Read more: Best MacBook buying guide | Best Mac buying guide 2017 | Best cheap MacBook deals UK

New MacBook 2017 release date UK: When is the new 12in MacBook coming out?

When will Apple release the next-generation 12in MacBook for 2017? Will it launch at a spring Apple event?

Apple launched the 2015 verison of the 12in MacBook at a spring event that year, but that is no indication that Apple will do the same in 2017. The 2016 MacBook wasn't unveiled at Apple's 2016 spring event (which saw Apple reveal the iPhone SE, a 9.7in iPad Pro and new Apple Watch straps). Instead Apple quietly introduced the new MacBook a few weeks later in April 2016. We anticipate that the 2017 MacBook will see a similarly quiet launch.

Nor do we expect to see a refreshed range in April to mark the current model's one year anniversary. We don't expect to see a 12-inch MacBook until the summer (June, or maybe July to coincide with WWDC).

If Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo is correct (as reported by MacRumors in January 2017) in his prediction that a new 12in MacBook is set to go into production in early Q2 2017 - April or thereabouts, a June or July launch could be feasible. 

New MacBook 2017 release date UK: Will the 12in MacBook replace the MacBook Air?

It certainly looks that way, but it may not happen immediately. After its October 2016 event Apple removed the 11in MacBook Air from sale along with the legacy MacBook Pro with SuperDrive, which had been lurking in the Apple Store for some years. While the 13in MacBook Air remains, it hasn't been significanly updated since March 2015, other than that it now offers 8GB RAM across the board.

With the demise of the 11in MacBook Air came a hike to the point of entry for consumers wishing to buy a Mac laptop. The entry price of Apple's Mac laptop is now £949 (thanks in part to Apple's post-Brexit £100 increase, the model had previouly cost £849). Before Apple discontinued it, a 11in MacBook Air had been priced at £749.

In comparison, the entry-level MacBook Pro, with 2.0GHz dual-core processor and 256GB SSD costs £1,449, while the entry-level 12in MacBook with 1.1GHz m3 chip is £1,249.

Apple's MacBook Air design is now eight years old, and it's quite possible that the MacBook is lining up to replace it in the near future. When the MacBook Air first launched, its biggest selling point was its thin and light design, hence the name; but the MacBook now outshines it in those areas. To be honest, barring a major and revolutionary redesign it seems unlikely that the MacBook Air has much of a future ahead of it. Plus, for those looking for ultimate portability there's the new iPad Pro with a 12.9in screen.

Here's why it doesn't matter that the MacBook is expensive and underpowered.

The last time there was a Mac laptop that had more advanced specs than a more expensive model was the old MacBooks (white and black, and then eventually aluminium). Those were eventually discontinued and the price of the MacBook Air reduced. It seems likely that the same will happen with the new MacBook models replacing the MacBook Air models at a lower price than they are now, at least eventually - especially considering the MacBook Air's less-than-exciting 2016 update.

According to trusted Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, the 12in MacBook is now Apple's best-selling computer, closely followed by the 13in MacBook Pro, which adds further fuel to the rumour that it'll soon replace the MacBook Air thanks to its popularity. See more MacBook Air rumours here.

New MacBook 2017 release date

New MacBook 2017 release date UK: UK price

While we're still some way ahead of the official announcement of the 2017 MacBook, we can already speculate about the pricing as Apple rarely changes the price of its range from generation to generation, unless it's a fairly hefty upgrade. Currently the base MacBook sells for £1,249.

That said, the 2016 MacBook Pro will set you back £1,449 for the basic variant and £1,949 for a more powerful variant - and the prices have all gone up since the Brexit referendum too. (The basic Air is £100 more, and the basic MacBook is £200 more expensive!)

Kuo predicts that the new MacBooks will have Kaby Lake processors and top out at 16GB of RAM, up from 8GB of RAM in the 2016 models.

Apple has trademarked three new MacBook model numbers, according to a Russian trademark filing. The three new model numbers, A1706, A1707 and A1708, were tipped to be a 13in and 15in MacBook Pro, and a MacBook with a 12in screen. This is all according to Ming-Chi Kuo, once again - we aren't sure if these model numbers correspond with the new MacBook Pro models - but we will update this article once we confirm the model numbers.

New MacBook 2017 release date UK: Design and features

Looking at the change in design from the 2015 MacBook to the 2016 MacBook, it suggests that we won't be seeing huge physical changes in 2017. In fact, the only change in design from the original MacBook and the 2016 MacBook was the addition of a new colour option, Rose Gold, to go alongside the readily available Gold, Silver and Space Grey options.

Aside from that, the design hasn't changed for the MacBook. It's incredibly thin at 13.1mm, and it weighs just 0.9kg, making it 24 percent thinner than the MacBook Air, and we don't expect that to change dramatically in future.

Screen

One possible - and extremely significant - change that we might see concerns the screen size. At present the MacBook is available in only size: 12 inches. But analyst Ming-Chi Kuo has predicted that a new 15-inch model will be unveiled later this year. Kuo has forecast that, while the 2017 MacBook with a 12-inch screen will go into production in Q2 2017, the new 15-inch version won't appear until Q4, which starts in September.

This move would make sense if Apple is planning to phase out the MacBook Air and replace it with a broader range of MacBook models. The MacBook Air has in recent years been offered in 11-inch and 13-inch variants, although the 11-inch model has been quietly discontinued and these days your choice is 13 inches or nothing.

Will the 2017 MacBook have a Force Touch keyboard?

According to a 9to5Mac report in October 2016, Apple has been in talks with the Foxconn startup, Sonder - a company that uses E Ink technology to display its keys (see a video here). This allows a way of customising keys and even adding symbols which would not be possible on a regular keyboard. It's rumoured that Apple will use this technology in their next MacBook.

Back in autumn 2015, it emerged that Apple had filed a patent that appeared to show its design for a Force Touch capable keyboard. Along with the 2015 MacBook Pro, the 2015 MacBook has a Force Touch trackpad, which gave electric pulses that feel like clicks, but is a glass plate that doesn't actually move. Like on the iPhone 6s, you can press harder for a deeper click to access menus and options within certain apps. The new MacBook also has keys unlike any other Mac, which have very little travel in order to make the chassis ultra-thin.

The newly discovered patent shows what seems to be a whole keyboard and trackpad area fit to house this technology.

New MacBook 2017 release date: Patent

As this shows, the whole keyboard and trackpad, plus areas to the left and right of the pad, could theoretically be customised to the user's tastes and, for the first time, not have a physical keyboard. However, we have seen Apple file patents in the past that are to bookmark ideas for the future.

It'd be amazing if this technology were included in the new MacBook next year, but we feel this is one for the coming years. It would potentially allow you to have several language keyboards saved and switch between them on the adaptable display. We can but dream.

Imagine typing on a surface that felt like a keyboard, but was actually electric feedback telling your brain you're pressing keys? If this is Force Touch's future, we are excited.

Will the 2017 MacBook feature an Apple Pencil-compatible trackpad?

It's not the only new addition to the MacBook either, if the latest patent approval is anything to go by. According to a patent filed by Apple which was recently approved, an upcoming Mac could boast compatibility with the Apple Pencil - although the Apple Pencil depicted in the patent is far more advanced than the one on sale at the moment. The Pencil in question features a number of sensors that could detect movement, orientation and depth and, according to the patent, could be used with a Mac as an 'air mouse' or possibly even a joystick for gaming.

New MacBook 2017 release date: Apple Pencil patent

The patent reads: "Inertial sensor input may be gathered when operating the stylus in one or more inertial sensor input modes such as an air mouse mode, a rotational controller mode, a joystick mode, and/or other inertial sensor input modes."

It doesn't end there, either - apparently an upcoming Mac trackpad will feature Apple Pencil support, allowing users to use and draw directly onto the trackpad with the precision of the iPad Pro. While the patent doesn't mention whether the trackpad will be built into a MacBook or offered as a standalone Mac trackpad, we imagine that if Apple plans on utilising the patent, it'll do so with its newest line of laptops - the MacBook. 

Will Apple discontinue Thunderbolt?

One question that has arisen is whether the introduction of USB-C spells the end of Thunderbolt. We don't think that Apple will drop Thunderbolt from its Pro Mac line up any time soon, but the standard may well disappear from the consumer level Macs eventually.

The reason we think it will remain on the MacBook Pro, Mac Pro and the iMac is Apple's efforts to convince the industry to adopt it since its introduction in 2011. However, Apple also promoted FireWire to the industry and eventually removed that from its Macs.

New MacBook 2017 release date UK: Tech specs

What can we expect to see from the 2017 MacBook in terms of design? While rumours are scarce at these early stages, there is one interesting rumour that, if true, could herald in a new generation of Force Touch-enabled keyboards for Apple's laptop line.

Processors

The next-generation MacBook is likely to feature next-generation Intel processors, as well as graphics and RAM upgrades. Intel has started shipping its Kaby Lake processors: that's the generation of chips after Skylake, and offers support for Thunderbolt 3, USB 3.1 and DisplayPort 1.2.

In a report discussed earlier, KGI Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo predicted that Apple would include Kaby Lake chips in the next-gen MacBooks.

But there's another, less predictable, possibility. The Dutch-language site Techtastic has spotted a reference in the kernel of macOS Sierra to "ARM HURRICANE" being supported.

This isn't a chip family that anyone has heard of, but it's probably an Apple custom ARM chip: the A7 (in the iPhone 5s) was codenamed Cyclone, the A8 Typhoon and the A9 Twister. Apple might be about to put ARM chips in its new MacBooks.

This rumour has been picking up speed recently, with Bloomberg reporting that Apple is working on its own chips that will, in particular, improve the battery life of MacBooks even further. When Apple builds its own chips, it has even tighter control over the relationship between hardware and software, which would likely result in improved battery efficiency.

It's unclear whether Apple plans to use the chip this year, but given the MacBook's small spec bump in April 2016, we think it's unlikely to make its debut on the next model as Apple is likely to save it for the next model of MacBook Pro.

RAM

Macrumors has recently quoted analyst Ming-Chi Kuo as predicting the MacBook will get a refresh towards the second half of 2017 with Kaby Lake processors, and thinks we'll see a 16GB RAM model too. This would double the current crop's 8GB. 

New MacBook 2017 release date: ARM chip rumours

Image courtesy of Techtastic

Will the 2017 MacBook have LTE connectivity?

It seems that sharing your iPhone's cellular connection with your MacBook wasn't enough for Apple, if the latest patent approval is anything to go by. The patent, as described by the US Patent and Trademark Office, will allow the company to embed LTE hardware in the 2017 MacBook, making it the first cellular-enabled Mac in Apple's range, past or present. 

New MacBook 2017 release date: LTE

As well as LTE connectivity, the patent describes the use of Wi-Fi, NFC, Bluetooth and satallite connectivity, and mentions ways to boost the signal without interference from the metal body of the MacBook. It's worth mentioning that this idea isn't new, though - it was originally filed on June 8 2015, and there was also talk of a 3G-enabled MacBook Pro back in 2008, but the idea was eventually rejected by Steve Jobs as he felt it'd tie the user down to a particular carrier. 

Thinking of buying a Mac? Read our Which Mac? Best Mac buyers guide. Wondering whether to buy a MacBook or a Mac desktop? Find out if you should buy a Mac laptop or Mac desktop here.

New MacBook 2017 release date rumours UK: How to re-watch Apple's 27 October Mac launch event live stream

You can watch Apple's 27 October Mac launch event live on Apple's website. But don't just take Apple's word for it when the company says the latest Macs are the best ever: we'll be liveblogging the event throughout the night and adding our expert independent views and analysing what it all means for you. The liveblog is embedded below.

See also: New MacBook Pro release | New MacBook Air release | New iMac release | New Mac Pro release | New Mac mini release

To stream the event on Apple's site you'll need an iPhone, iPad or iPod touch with Safari on iOS 7.0 or later, a Mac with Safari 6.0.5 or later on Mac OS X v10.8.5 or later, or a PC with Microsoft Edge on Windows 10. Yes that's right, even PC fans can watch the Apple event.

You can also stream the keynote on Apple TV. If you've got a 2nd- or 3rd-gen Apple TV it'll need to be running software 6.2 or later. A 4th-gen Apple TV will be fine. A 1st-gen Apple TV won't be able to stream the event.