iMac Pro preview
Apple gave WWDC attendees, and anyone tuned into the video stream of the WWDC keynote, a sneak peek at the upcoming iMac Pro, which has a December release date and a price of $4,999.
In this preview we take a look at what Apple has revealed about the new iMac Pro, and what it might mean to pro customers.
We also ask the questions: should you wait for the iMac Pro or will a 27-inch iMac suffice (read our review of the 2017 27-inch iMac here and our comparison of the iMac versus the iMac Pro here); and should you by-pass the iMac Pro and wait for the Mac Pro. (If you are wondering what the Mac Pro might offer when Apple introduces that new model, read our Mac Pro 2018 (or 2019) preview.)
Just what will the iMac Pro offer, and who will benefit the most from this super iMac?
First things first, what is the iMac Pro?
In a nutshell, it’s a supercomputer, offering workstation class processors and graphics encased in an iMac shell - which means you also get a 5K Retina display.
This is a computer for people who have very specific needs. With a starting price of almost $5k, it’s not something that your typical Apple fan will be rushing out to buy. This is a machine for professional creatives who need the extra cores and the ultimate graphics power it will bring.
But, it seems, the target audience shouldn’t be too power hungry, because there has to be someone whom the Mac Pro, arriving in 2018 or later, will suit.
Speaking of the Mac Pro, should these creative pros be wary of signing up for a machine that might not be upgradable in the future, as was the case with the Mac Pro?
The Mac Pro wasn’t only not user-upgradable, it turned out that Apple couldn’t upgrade it either, hence having to go back to the drawing board and completely redesign the Mac Pro, as we discuss here: new Mac Pro news.
Let’s assume Apple has learned from its mistakes and go ahead and take a look at what the new iMac Pro will offer when it launches in December 2017.
The iMac Pro will offer workstation class Xeon processors with up to 18-cores. If that’s overkill for your needs, the standard model will ship with an 8-core processor and there will be a 10-core processor on offer too.
The more cores the better the performance.
Apple’s not revealing much about the processor speeds, other than that they will offer Turbo Boost of up to 4.5GHz.
Apple is also boasting that the new iMac Pro processor will have a cache of up to 42MB. Processor cache is similar to RAM, it’s memory for the processor and means that common CPU tasks can be accomplished quickly.
Any multi-core CPU will have at least three levels of cache: level one, two and three, or L1, L2 and L3. Macs with Kaby Lake processors have L1 cache of 64KB per core, 256KB of L2 cache, and 8MB of L3 cache, so this looks like something worth bragging about. Some CPUs offer L4 cache at 128MB, however.
One reason why there is a wait for the iMac Pro is Apple’s determination to use the upcoming AMD Radeon Pro Vega GPU.
AMD says that Vega will deliver its biggest graphics improvements in five years.
While Apple was the first company to announce that it will be using this new graphics card, it is entirely possible that other computers could arrive boasting the card before the new iMac Pro launches in December 2017.
Apple hasn’t revealed exactly which Vega chip it will use in the iMac Pro, other than to state that it will offer 11 teraflops single precision and 22 teraflops half precision. With that in mind, the most likely Vega card is the Radeon Pro Vega 56, which just happen to be launching in December 2017.
A Radeon Pro Vega 64 is also planned for December, bringing 13 teraflops and 25 teraflops respectively. This could, theoretically, be a build to order option on the new iMac Pro.
There is further evidence that the 56 and 64 chips will be offered. The Vega 64 offers 16GB HBM2 memory compared to the 8GB offered by the Vega 56, while Apple claims that the Radeon Pro Vega graphics card will offer up to 8GB or 16GB on-package high-bandwidth memory.
The standard 27-inch iMac offers up to 8GB VRAM on the Radeon Pro 580 card. So the promise of 16GB HBM2 memory represents quite a leap (note, that’s standard video memory versus high bandwidth memory). Apparently the Radeon Pro Vega is over three times faster than any previous iMac GPU.
The Radeon Pro Vega 56 card offers 400GB/s memory bandwidth, which is less than the Radeon RX Vega Frontier Edition which boasts 480GB/s, but AMD hasn’t revealed the bandwidth of the Radeon Pro Vega 64 yet, and that could feasibly be more.
What all this means, is that the new iMac Pro should offer a graphics solution that would be able to, for example, play back 4K H.265 video in real time without transcoding.
iMac Pro, when it launches will be able to accommodate an impressive amount of memory — up to 128GB DDR4 ECC memory, according to Apple.
However, it will offer 32GB as standard, and a second configuration of 64GB.
With all that memory users will be able to run multiple applications at once, but more crucially for the target market, see increased rendering speeds.
The 27-inch standard iMac is configurable to 64GB DDR4 memory. The 27-inch iMac RAM is user accessible thanks to their RAM slots on the back.
There is hope that the iMac Pro memory will also be user accessible, although there are concerns that it won’t be because it will use full-sized DIMMs, as opposed to the smaller SO-DIMMs featured in the standard iMac.
Because they are larger, Apple has had to relocate the memory modules, according to reports. Hopefully, as is the case with the 21-inch iMac, these memory modules will still be accessible and upgradable, even if they are more difficult to access.
Apple has emphasised that it is aware of the needs of creative professionals to upgrade their Macs, and we hope that it will enable such upgrades in the new iMac Pro.
While the new iMac Pro will offer a 1TB SSD as standard Apple says it will offer up to 4TB SSD and that this solid state storage will offer 3GB/s throughput (which is pretty standard on Macs).
For example, Apple claims the 2017 MacBook Pro is capable of 3.2Gb/s read speeds and 2.2Gb/s write speeds.
In practical terms how much storage you need will depend on whether you are working with particularly large files. You could of course work off a RAID storage device but the fastest speeds will be achieved if your files are stored on the internal SSD.
The display is the main thing that, in the absence of any other specs, sets the iMac Pro aside from the Mac Pro. However, we do know that Apple is intending to launch a separate display to go with that machine when it launches and we expect to be suitably impressed when it arrives.
In the meantime, the 27-inch screen on the iMac Pro will offer the same 5,120x2,880 resolution 5K Retina display, with the same 500 nits of brightness across its 14.7 million pixels, P3 colour gamut and support for over a billion colours, as the standard 27-inch iMac.
Apple has announced no plans to make the iMac Pro screen a superior choice.
The iMac display is capable of supporting 10-bit colours despite being limited to 8-bit (Apple says 10-bit displays are prohibitively expensive). Apple achieves this via 10-bit spatial and temporal dithering - which essentially means the iMac show extra colours by changing the colours it is displaying so quickly your eye can't see it and just registers all the colours as if they were show at the same time.
Who will this matter to most? It will be great news for photographers because it should reduced banding on photos, for example.
However, as we said above, this display is no different to that of the standard 27-inch iMac, so no reason to buy the Pro version.
Could Apple look at producing a 10-bit display for the new iMac Pro? Probably not yet, but it could be something to look out for in a future update.
There have also been calls for Apple to offer a bigger screen on the iMac Pro: 28, 29, or 30-inches being the dimensions requested.
However, since you will be able to hook up four displays to your iMac Pro (depending on their resolution) the size and quality of the display may not matter to you.
You could, for example, hook up four 4K displays or two additional 5K displays. And because High Sierra will support 10-bit colour you can hook up a 10-bit display if you want to.
Speaking of which, it would be incredible if the new display Apple is intending to launch alongside the Mac Pro is 10-bit. Read more rumours about the new Apple display here.
While the standard 27-inch iMac offers two Thunderbolt 3/USB Type-C ports, the iMac Pro offers four Thunderbolt 3/USB Type-C ports.
You can connect two additional 5K monitors for a whopping 44 million pixels.
Alternatively you could hook up two high-performance RAID arrays and enjoy 40Gb/s transfer speeds.
One thing it offers that the standard iMac doesn't is 10Gb Ethernet. The standard Mac offers a Gigabit Ethernet socket. This means that sharing files between desktops, or working with high-performance network storage, will be up to 10 times faster
The iMac Pro will also support Nbase-T industry standard 1Gb, 2.5Gb and 5Gb link speeds.
It will offer four standard USB slots, along with four Thunderbolt 3 (USB C) ports on the rear, two more than the standard model, alongside a SDXC card slot and a headphone jack.
Other enhancements include enhanced stereo speakers, which Apple says deliver broad frequency response, rich bass and more volume. Until we test this we won't really be able to comment further.
The most noticeable design change is the Space Grey case of the iMac Pro, which gets brand new space grey accessories to match the new look.
These include a new Magic Keyboard that includes a numeric keypad (like the new one on the 2017 iMac) and a Space Grey Magic Mouse 2 or Magic Trackpad 2
However, the real design changes are on the inside. Apple has had to completely rethink the thermal architecture in order to house the new components.
Apple designed an entirely new fan system that offers an 80 percent increase in cooling capacity. This is necessary if the iMac Pro is to handle 500 watts and stay cool. That's 67 per cent more power than the standard iMac.
So Apple has completely redesigned the thermal architecture of the iMac for the iMac Pro. Inside you'll find dual-blowers, a massive heatsink and extra venting, according to Apple.
Based on what we've seen of this, It looks like the iMac Pro has two fans plus a pair of horizontal vents across the bottom, while a regular iMac has a single fan plus one vent.
As a result of its design tweaks, Apple claims it's achieved 75 per cent more airflow and an 80 per cent increase in system thermal capacity.
Hopefully it will be a success because, as Apple itself admitted back in April 2017, with the Mac Pro the company designed itself into a bit of a corner in terms of the way that device coped with heat.
"We designed ourselves into a bit of a corner," revealed Craig Federighi, Apple's SVP of Software Engineering, speaking to select journalists at a briefing in April 2017. Read more about what Apple revealed at this professional Mac user briefing here.
Given the fact that Apple made much of its groundbreaking design based around thermal cores at the time the Mac Pro was announced back in 2013, we really hope that this time Apple has come up with a more future proof solution this time.
The problem with the Mac Pro is that it was not possible for one side of its triangle-shaped motherboard to get much hotter than the other two sides, which limited Apple in terms of which CPUs and GPUs it could use with the machine.
As a result, Apple was left with a Mac that was impossible to update.
Who is the iMac Pro for?
As for who the iMac Pro is intended for, it was during the April 2017 briefing where Apple announced its plans for the new Mac Pro that Apple also announced that the iMac had proven to be popular with the traditional Mac Pro audience and as a result it was planning to create an iMac with those users in mind.
Apple had already revealed that the Mac Pro addresses the need of a very small niche, so the iMac Pro will shave off some of these users which are likely to include video editors, 3D animators, audio engineers, software developers, and scientists.
We expect that the iMac Pro will suit people who do 3D modelling, work on large 4K and HD projects, design simulations, render large files in real time, edit 4K video, create real-time audio effects, produce high frame rate content and create VR worlds from scratch.
Availability and Price
The iMac Pro will be available in December (assuming there are no delays).
Pricing starts at $4,999/£4,949 - which may sound a lot, but, Apple says that if you built a PC equivalent it'd cost $7,000 without the display, although PC Gamer have specced up a machine with a comparable build that came in at $4,686.71, which is cheaper, although not that much cheaper (and not nearly as nice looking).
Another machine that has a similar price is the 27in standard iMac, which, if you choose all the build-to-order options available, tops out at £4,949. Is that a comparable machine? Not really, although it may well meet your needs in a way that the iMac Pro won't.
Wondering which of these two iMacs is for you? The iMac Pro offers more than four cores, more RAM, and a bigger SSD, as well as the Radeon Pro Vega graphics card - and if you need any of those things then, at least for now, it’s the only option.
Of course that could change in 2018 (or 2019) with the arrival of the Mac Pro.
If money isn’t an issue the iMac Pro looks like an excellent choice, especially when you consider that despite Apple’s reputation as an expensive choice, the competition at this end of the market is generally a lot more expensive.
You can also read our comparison of all the 'pro' Macs here, find out which is the best Mac for pros.
The iMac Pro is expensive, but it's not really intended for anything other than workstation-grade applications. If you don’t need a machine capable of such operations then a standard 27-inch iMac (or any other Mac) will meet your needs and not bankrupt you at the same time.
Our only concern is that Apple may have done too much damage to it’s reputation when it failed to update its Mac Pro. And even worse, the fact that it was the beautiful design of the Mac Pro that meant that Apple couldn’t update it. Is Apple too hung up on how the machine looks from the outside to consider the practicalities of keeping up with the technologies on the inside?
We certainly hope that the iMac Pro proves that Apple has learned its lesson and future proofed the design of the machine.
We also hope that Apple recognises that these pro users also want to be able to update the components inside it themselves, these are users who will be turned off by the prospect of a mega-expensive Mac that is not upgradable.