- > What is Apple AirPort?
- > What AirPort networking products does Apple make?
- > AirPort Express
- > AirPort Extreme
- > AirPort Time Capsule
- > What is the difference between AirPort Express and AirPort Extreme?
- > Can I replace my modem with an AirPort Extreme?
- > Setting up an AirPort Base Station with Apple AirPort Utility
- > So, is it worth buying an Apple AirPort Base Station?
What is the point of Apple's AirPort Base Station devices? Apple makes a range of AirPort devices, known as Base Stations, which are essentially Wi-Fi routers. There's the AirPort Express, Extreme and Time Capsule.
But why does Apple make AirPort Base Stations? What is the point of buying an Apple AirPort Base Station when you already have a router in your home? What’s the difference between the AirPort Express and Extreme, and are either of them tangibly better than the router supplied by your ISP.
In this feature, we're going to take a look at AirPort Base Stations and ask:
- What is Apple AirPort and what AirPort devices are available?
- What is the difference between AirPort and Wi-Fi?
- What is the point of Apple AirPort Extreme and is it worth buying an Apple AirPort Base Station
What is Apple AirPort?
AirPort is Apple's brand name it uses for its Wi-Fi networking products using the regular 802.11b, g, n and ac standards. Apple started using the name AirPort way back in 1999. If you hear the word AirPort mentioned in conjunction with Apple it's essentially referring to Wi-Fi products and protocols.
All Macs currently on sale are capable to linking wirelessly via AirPort to Wi-Fi networks, Wi-Fi printers (here you might hear the term AirPrint), and other Macs, iPhones, iPads and Apple products. Read definitions of more Apple-related tech terms in our Apple users' tech jargon dictionary.
The big question is, will Apple ever make another AirPort device? Back in November 2016, a Bloomberg report claimed that: "Apple Inc. has disbanded its division that develops wireless routers, another move to try to sharpen the company’s focus on consumer products that generate the bulk of its revenue, according to people familiar with the matter."
What AirPort networking products does Apple make?
There are a number of AirPort gadgets you can buy from Apple.
- AirPort Express is a lightweight router designed for music sharing.
- AirPort Extreme is a more powerful router with additional ports and features.
- Time Capsule is essentially an AirPort Extreme with a built-in hard drive for wireless file sharing and Time Machine backup. Read: How to set up a Time Capsule.
We will look at each below.
The AirPort Express was originally introduced by Apple as a way of streaming your music from iTunes on your Mac to a Hi-Fi (initially this ability was referred to as AirTunes, then AirPlay). If you have more than one AirPort Express connected to speakers, you can play your music from iTunes on all of your speakers at the same time.
It's a small device, with the same footprint as an Apple TV, and it creates a Wi-Fi network. The unit features the 802.11n dual band antenna. AirPort Express still lacks the newer 802.11ac network as it hasn't been updated by Apple for some years now.
You can use the AirPort Express to print wirelessly - just plug the printer into the USB port on the back of the AirPort Express and turn your printer in to a wireless printer. Read more about adding wireless printing to a network printer here.
However, while it features AirPrint, so you can attach a printer it lacks AirDisk. So you can’t use the AirPort Express for wireless backups.
It also only has two Ethernet connections on the rear (and they are 100base-T rather than the new Gigabit Ethernet).
It does have a unique feature, however. The presence of small 3.5mm mini jack socket that enables you to connect the AirPort Extreme to a music system. This audio jack enables you to connect a speaker to the AirPort Extreme and use it as an AirPlay speaker (so you can bounce music to it from any device).
AirPort Express can also be used as a Wireless Access Point for up to 50 networked users.
Other than that, you might use an AirPort Express to extend your wireless networks to parts of a house with weak signals. However there have been complaints of connections being throttled down by the Express. Read our AirPort Express review here.
The current model is from 2012. Apple hasn't even updated it to 802.11ac yet.
AirPort Express - £99, buy one in the UK here.
AirPort Express - $99, buy one in the US here.
The AirPort Extreme offers a step up from the AirPort Express with 802.11ac Wi-Fi technology, so you can expect faster Wi-Fi and a stronger, clearer signal.
The reason for the tall design is that the antennas are placed at the top - giving it a higher platform for dispersing the signal. Inside are six different antennae, offering dual-band wireless networks with support for all bands.
It also sports an internal power supply, so there is no need for a clunky external power unit.
Like the Express you can use the Extreme to make your printer wireless, and also to share a hard drive, essentially turning any hard drive into a network attached storage device (or NAS).
Back when we tested it, the Extreme recorded one of the fastest peak 802.11ac speeds we'd seen (at the time), breaking all records at 706 Mbps (megabits per second), before settling down for a still-impressive average of 578 Mbps at short range, and 540Mbps at the longer 10m distance. We recorded reasonable transfer speeds on 802.11n, too, with an average 105Mbps at long range.
However, in the years since the product launched there have been complaints of the AirPort Extreme overheating and sometimes losing signal. Read our AirPort Extreme review here.
The current model hasn't been updated since 2013.
AirPort Extreme - £199, buy one here.
AirPort Extreme - $199, buy one here.
For the lowdown on the different routers you can buy for your Mac read: Best Mac router
AirPort Time Capsule
Apple's Time Capsule is essentially an AirPort Extreme wireless router with a built-in hard drive. It offers the same functionality of the AirPort Extreme, but, in addition, makes it easy to back up a Mac using Apple's Time Machine software.
This means you can back up your whole system regularly wirelessly, so you never need to plug in a hard drive or other storage device.
If you're thinking of buying a AirPort Extreme, it may be worth considering paying the extra to add the 2TB of storage and extra functionality of the Time Machine.
There's a 2TB and a 3TB version. Read our AirPort Time Capsule review here.
The current model was released in 2013.
Time Capsule - £299 or £399, buy one here,
Time Capsule - $299 or $399, buy one here
- How to set up a Time Capsule
- How to transfer a Time Machine backup
- How to restore a Mac with Time Machine
What is the difference between AirPort Express and AirPort Extreme?
The AirPort Express Base Station is designed to add a few Apple features to your current network. If you attach an AirPort Express to your current network your router gets Apple-like capability. One unique feature is AirPlay audio support: the AirPort Express Base Station has a built in 3.5mm mini jack socket for outputting audio. You hook it up directly to your speaker system and can output music directly from a iOS device.
The AirPort Express can also be connected to a printer and this enables you to use AirPrint with any printer (so you can print from an iOS device).
The AirPort Extreme does not have the 3.5mm mini jack socket, so it cannot be used to turn a speaker into an AirPlay speaker. This is a shame as everything else it does slightly better than the AirPort Express device.
The AirPort Extreme Base Station has faster data throughput and includes the new 802.11ac standard, and you can attach an external hard drive to it for wireless Network Attached Storage (NAS). It also has four gigabit ethernet ports so you can create a wired network with it that has fast data rates.
In general we see the AirPort Extreme as the device to connect to your home network if you want to boost your wireless network; and the AirPort Express is useful for extending a wireless network or adding AirPrint to a printer; or AirPlay to your stereo system.
Can I replace my modem with an AirPort Extreme?
One of the quirks about Apple’s AirPort Base Stations is that they are routers, but not modems. As a quick refresher: a router enables you to create a network that connects various devices together (Macs, iPhones, iPads, hard drives, printers and so on); whereas a modem connects your network to the wider internet. What you generally think of as your router (the box supplied by your ISP - Internet Service Provider) is probably a combined router and modem.
So while the AirPort Extreme enables you to hook all your items together, you’ll still need a modem to connect to the Internet. Typically most ISP supply you with a combination modem/router when you sign up. These combination devices are often referred to as “hubs” so you get the Virgin Media Hub or the BT Broadband Hub, and they create a wired and wireless network along with connecting to the Internet.
Apple’s AirPort Base Stations can augment (or replace) the router part of that device, but cannot replace the modem part. So you still need to keep your ISP hub. The idea is that you connect the AirPort device to your current modem and either turn off the router part of your hub, or have both routers working together (in effect having two wireless networks).
In office environments the situation is somewhat different, in that you may have a wired network in place but no wireless system. In this case attaching an AirPort Extreme router to the network enables you to set up a wireless network.
Apple's base stations offer a selection of features you don't get on your average wireless router or modem:
- AirPort Extreme and the Time Capsule offer 802.11ac Gigabit Wi-Fi. The latest standard in wireless networking compatible with Macs and MacBooks released after June 2013.
- Dual antennae. Both the AirPort Time Capsule and AirPort Extreme feature dual internal antennas so they can produce both a 2.4GHz and 5GHz wireless network.
- AirPrint. You can attach a printer to the base station and print wirelessly from a Mac or iOS device.
- AirDisk. You can attach an external hard drive and use to share and access files wirelessly. The Time Capsule also has a drive built in so you can backup files directly.
- AirPort Utility. You can set up, manage and update your wireless router using Apple’s AirPort Utility for Mac OS X and iOS devices. The iPhone and iPad app is especially great for anyone who has used the clunky web-based interfaces offered by most modems routers.
Setting up an AirPort Base Station with Apple AirPort Utility
It’s also worth noting that Apple provides apps to work with the AirPort devices. You can manage your networks with AirPort Utility for both Mac OS X and iOS. AirPort Utility is a far more friendly interface than any of the web-based interfaces we’ve seen provided with other routers.
So, is it worth buying an Apple AirPort Base Station?
It’s a good question and can only be truly answered by looking at how good the hub is supplied by your ISP. It’s worth noting that the AirPort Extreme and Time Capsule are both first class routers and almost certainly better than the one you have in your house.
As well as offering the latest 802.11ac standard, both the AirPort Extreme and Time Capsule have dual antennas inside so can produce both a 2.4GHz and 5Ghz wireless network (effectively you get two home networks from the one device). Newer devices can connect to the 5GHz network while older ones stick with the 2.4GHz network. Most hubs only operate in the slower 2.4GHz network.
With the Apple AirPort device you also get access to AirPrint and with the AirPort Extreme or Time Capsule you get access to an external drive (the Time Capsule has a drive built in, the AirPort Extreme enables you to access a USB drive connected to the device). With both of these you can backup your Macs wirelessly. You can connect the AirPort Express to your music system and beam music wirelessly using AirPlay.
These are great features to have alongside your current home network. In essence: an AirPort base station augments your current network with a layer of Apple services, and provides you with a much better wireless system.