The new iPads for 2018 do not have Home buttons. This means the two devices are able to have a larger screen and a smaller body respectively, but there is one obvious downside: iPad owners are used to the Home button and (much like iPhone owners in 2017) will now have to learn a new control system based on different buttons and swipe gestures.

In this article we help you retrain your brain. We show how to unlock your iPad Pro 2018, return to the Home screen, switch apps, activate Siri, use Apple Pay and access all the other many functions accessed via a Home button.

How to turn on & turn off the iPad Pro

Powering on is the same as before: press and hold the power button at the top right.

But you turn off the iPad Pro by pressing and holding both the power button and one of the volume buttons (up or down - it doesn't matter). Hold them down until the power-off slider appears, then swipe across it to turn off the device.

How to force-restart the iPad Pro

Quickly press volume up (then release), then volume down (then release), and finally press and hold the power button until you see the Apple logo on screen.

How to unlock your iPad Pro

The Touch ID fingerprint scanner sat in the Home button, so that is gone too. Instead, the iPad Pro 2018 uses Face ID.

Once you've set up Face ID to recognise your face (you'll be prompted to do this during setup but you can go back at any time to Settings > Face ID & Passcode) you can unlock by pressing the power button to wake the screen, and then making sure your face is visible to the camera. You will see the padlock icon 'open' to show this has worked.

Apple's engineers have made sure Face ID works in both landscape and portrait orientation on the iPad Pro, and we've found that it's good at spotting faces that aren't exactly in front of the device. But if it's flat on the table you will probably have to lean forward slightly, or pick it up.

We go in-depth on this feature in How to use Face ID.

How to go back to the Home screen

Note that unlocking won't automatically take you to the Home screen. To do this, you need to swipe up from the bottom of the screen (where you will usually see a thin bar, except during video playback and similar).

You can use the same swipe up to return to the Home button from within apps.

How to bring up the dock

This is where it gets tricky. There are multiple functions activated by swiping up from the bottom of the screen, depending on how quickly you do it and how far up you swipe.

Let's say you're in an app. Slowly swipe your finger up from the bottom of the screen (keep the finger pressed down) and you will see the app dock rising up. Let go and the dock will sit on top of the current app, and you'll be able to open a different app, potentially in split screen mode.

Swipe down on the dock and it will disappear again - unless you're on the Home screen, where it always shows.

How to switch apps

Previously the 'app switcher' was accessed by double-pressing the Home button: this brought up a screen showing the current and recent apps.

On the 2018 iPad Pro you access the app switcher by swiping up from the bottom of the screen, and again keeping your finger pressed down (same as for the dock) - but this time keep swiping upwards until the main app window starts to shrink and a second window appears on the left. Let go now and you'll see the app switcher screen.

How to open Control Centre

The swipe-up gesture used to return to the Home button used to be the trigger for Control Centre, which has therefore had to move. To see Control Centre, swipe down from the top-right corner of the screen.

Make sure you swipe down from the top right, because the centre/left are used for something else...

How to access Notifications Centre

Swipe down from the top of the screen - the centre or left of the top edge - to see your notifications.

How to turn on Siri on iPad Pro

Instead of pressing and holding the Home button, Siri is activated on iPad Pro by pressing and holding the power button. Or you can say "Hey Siri!", assuming this feature is switched on (Settings > Siri & Search > 'Listen for Hey Siri').

How to use Apple Pay

With the Touch ID fingerprint scanner gone, Apple Pay is now verified by facial recognition.

Double-press the power button, then look at your iPad so it can scan and authenticate your face. The transaction must be completed within 30 seconds.

How to take screenshots

Press the volume up and power buttons at the same time. The screen will flash white and you'll see a small thumbnail of your screenshot at the bottom left.

Tap this to immediately interact with it (add annotations, crop, share), swipe left to make it disappear, or just wait for it to go away. In the latter two cases you can find it later in Photos.

How to pair your Apple Pencil

Remember, first of all, that only the second-gen Apple Pencil is compatible with the 2018 iPad Pros. The first-gen model from 2015 won't work with them.

Now, put the (compatible) Pencil on the righthand edge of the iPad, with its own flat edge facing the magnetic connector. It will attach automatically, and offer to pair: follow the onscreen instructions.

Read our Apple Pencil (2018) review for more information.

How to use an iPad Pro 2018: Charge Apple Pencil

How to charge your Apple Pencil

Attach the Pencil magnetically to a 2018 iPad Pro and it will automatically start charging, assuming there is enough power in the iPad.

How to charge your iPhone from the iPad Pro

Because there is now a USB-C port (rather than Lightning), the iPad Pro 2018 is able to charge up an iPhone. You just need to connect the two devices using a USB-C to Lightning cable.

How to use Animoji

Animoji are accessed via the Messages app. Open a new thread or start a new message, then tap the monkey icon to see all of the Animoji (plus any Memoji you've created).

You can now experiment with different faces you can pull, and tap the red button to start recording when you're ready. Read about this in more detail in How to use Animoji.