If you've got an iPad or iPhone and want to connect it to a TV, you've come to the right place. This article has everything you need to know about hooking up your mobile device to a television, then mirroring or streaming whatever's on the phone or tablet to the big screen.
This procedure turns out to be very easy; it's also very useful. Even though Apple devices have amazing displays (especially the ultra-large 12.9in iPad Pro), it's nearly always more enjoyable to play video and photos on the living room's big screen rather than huddle round a smartphone or tablet.
On a related note, we've got a separate tutorial explaining how to connect a MacBook to a TV.
Use a Lightning Digital AV Adapter
Probably the easiest way to connect an iPad or iPhone to a TV is to buy a Lightning Digital AV Adapter from the Apple Store. At £49/$49 it's not cheap, mind you, and you will also need to supply an HDMI cable. (Apple sells an HDMI cable for £29.95/$29.95, but Amazon offers a far cheaper option: a basics cable for £4.29 or $6.99.)
This little box of tricks contains an HDMI port to plug into the TV, a Lightning connector (output) for plugging into your iPad or iPhone, and a bonus Lightning port (input) which gives you the option of charging your iDevice at the same time.
Using a Lightning Digital AV Adapter couldn't be easier.
- Plug one end of an HDMI cable into the adapter's HDMI port, and the other into a spare HDMI port on the back of your TV.
- Connect the adapter to the Lightning port on your iPad and iPhone.
- Optional: Connect your charger cable to the Lightning port on the Lightning Digital AV Adapter.
Turn on the TV and ensure it's set to display the video input from the HDMI socket. (You generally use the remote to pick from multiple HDMI inputs on your television - check your TV's instructions for specific advice.) You will see the iPad or iPhone's home screen appear on the television.
It may appear with lower quality and in a box shape. Don't worry: this is just for the Home screen. Things will improve in a minute.
Start playing a video on your iPad or iPhone. Either pick a movie file from the Videos app, or play a clip from Netflix, BBC iPlayer, YouTube, or any other video app. The Home screen will vanish from the TV, and the video will play in full definition. On the iDevice you will see a screen that says TV Connected.
You can now use Control Centre to enable specific content from your iPhone to be sent to your TV, just as with the AirPlay TV option below.
Use an Apple TV
The other way to enjoy content from your iPad or iPhone on your TV is to use an Apple TV (available from Apple starting at £149/$149 for the 2015 model, or from £179/$179 for the 2017 4K model) and stream the video via AirPlay.
To do that, connect the Apple TV to your TV via a spare HDMI port and then connect the Apple TV to your wireless network. (We have a separate tutorial explaining how to set up an Apple TV.) Choose the appropriate input on your TV and make sure the Apple TV's home screen appears.
You also need to make sure your smartphone or tablet is connected to the same Wi-Fi network as your Apple TV.
- Start playing a video on your iPad or iPhone (via the Videos app, Photos app, YouTube, Safari etc).
- Bring up Control Centre. On an iPad, or an X-series iPhone, swipe down from the top-right corner; on other devices swipe up from the bottom of the screen.
- In iOS 11 or later, you should now tap Screen Mirroring, then select Apple TV. (If you're still using iOS 10, tap AirPlay, then select Apple TV.)
- Tap outside of Control Centre to remove it and tap Play to continue watching the movie.
- Look for the AirPlay icon in apps.
Some apps, such as BBC iPlayer and TED Videos, feature their own AirPlay icon. While playing a video, tap the AirPlay icon and choose Apple TV to start streaming your video.
Sometimes you can't stream video from an app, or the web, on the television. Support for AirPlay is determined by developers, and not all support it. (You cannot stream ITV Hub from your iPhone to the Apple TV, for example.)
In this instance, you can work around the problem using mirroring (although that still won't work with ITV Hub - but since ITV Hub is available via the TV app that shouldn't be an issue). With mirroring selected you can stream the whole of your iPad screen, including the Home screen and whatever is appearing in apps, on the television. Simply activate Control Centre and select the AirPlay option to bring up the AirPlay menu, and select Apple TV.
Viewing video or photos on the TV
To view your iDevice's photos and videos on your TV, open the Photos app, then select the share button (the square with an arrow pointing upwards out of it). Select a photo or video you want to show by tapping so a blue circle with a white tick appears.
Now select AirPlay from the popup menu that appears and choose Apple TV. Your photos will now appear individually on your TV. You can move to the next photo or video by swiping left or right on your iPhone or iPad screen.
You can also set your chosen photos or videos to appear automatically as a slideshow. To do that, bring up the sharing menu, choose the photos you want to display by tapping them as in the step above, and this time tap Slideshow.
The slideshow will start playing. If the slideshow is playing on your iPhone or iPad rather than your TV, tap on the AirPlay icon in the top right and choose your Apple TV.
If you'd like some music to accompany your slideshow, tap Options and choose from the dropdown menu beside Music or choose music from your iTunes library.
Playing music on your TV
To play music stored on your iPhone through your TV, choose the track, album or playlist you want to listen to, access Control Centre again, select AirPlay and then select Apple TV. Bingo! Your favourite tunes are now playing through your TV.
Apple's Composite AV Cable
If you own an older iPhone or iPad with a 30-pin connector (if it's an iPhone 4s or older, or one of the first three generations of iPad, it'll have a 30-pin connector; the iPhone 5 and later, the iPad 4 and later, all of the iPad Air and iPad mini models and the iPad Pros have Lightning instead), then the old Apple Composite AV Cable is a good option - if you can find one.
This cable works in a similar way to the Lightning Digital AV Adapter above, except that you'll need to use the composite video input on your TV instead of HDMI, and make sure any videos you want to watch are SD rather than HD.