Updating to the latest version of macOS, or running a beta version of macOS on your Mac, doesn't have to be an all-or-nothing affair. It's possible to install two different operating systems on your Mac and dual-boot them, which means they're both available and you can choose the one that suits you on a day-by-day basis.

In this article we will explain how to set up your Mac so you can dual-boot two versions of macOS, but first you might like to know the benefits that this offers.

Mac partition dual boot

Why dual-boot macOS

There are a few reasons why you might want to run two versions of the Mac operating system, which is essentially what dual-booting means:

  • If you want to update your Mac to the latest software, but you have legacy apps that may not run on it. Creating a dual boot could be a good solution if you need to run those apps. Read about which apps don't work in Catalina here.
  • If you're a software developer and need to test your own apps on different versions of macOS (particularly if you need to do this regularly).
  • If you want to safely try out a beta version of the Mac operating system without committing to it (or risking it causing problems with the apps and data on your Mac).

There's another point of confusion when it comes to dual booting. On older versions of Mac OS X and macOS you would have needed to partition your Mac, while in more modern versions of the Mac operating system you create a volume. We will assume that you are running a more recent version of macOS so we will focus on creating a second volume, but we do cover how to create a partition here.

Before you start...

Before you start, regardless of which version of macOS you are running, you should be aware of the following:

Make some space: If you want to carve your Mac up so that you can run two versions of the OS you will need space. So before you start get deleting. Remove apps you don't use (here's how to delete apps), delete any files and folders you don't need, copy your huge photo library onto an external drive, etc. 

Back up: The next important step is to back up. It's always wise to make sure you back up your Mac before you do anything like this, just in case it all goes horribly wrong. We show you how to create a backup of your Mac here. We also have this guide to using Time Machine, which is Apple's provided software for backing up.

Be prepared to wipe everything: If you are in an older version of macOS or even Mac OS X, when you partition your Mac you will have to completely wipe it! If you want to keep your current work, you need to create a backup of your Mac and ensure it will fit on your smaller partitioned drive.

There are alternatives: If wiping your Mac sounds like too much hassle to you, you could try installing the alternate version of MacOS on an external hard drive instead. We show you how here: How to run macOS from an external hard drive.

How to create a second Mac volume

So, you want to run two versions of the macOS operating system on your Mac. Your method will depend on which version of macOS you are already running on your Mac. If you are running High Sierra on an SSD, or have Mojave or Catalina installed, this process is much easier because your Mac will be using the new Apple File System APFS.

APFS replaced the old file system: HFS+. APFS has a number of advantages a key one being Space Sharing, which makes it possible to share the available space between the different volumes on your disk - so more space can be made available at anytime, rather than being assigned to the volume when it is created, as is the case with a partition.

So, if you are using APFS you can create a volume as we will show you below, and then just install the new version of the operating system on that volume. You won't need to reformat anything. It couldn't be easier.

  1. Back up your Mac (because it's always wise to do that before you go on an adventure).
  2. Open Disk Utility (you can find it in the Utilities folder in Applications, or just press Command + Space and start typing Disk Utility).
  3. Click the drop-down menu beside the View button in the toolbar and choose Show All Devices. This will make sure you can see the volumes within your disk. It’s likely you have one called Home.

    Show volumes in Disk Utility

  4. Select the Home volume and click on the + button to create a new volume. We have a complete guide to this process, which we recommend you read: How to partition a Mac hard drive or SSD, or create an APFS volume.
  5. You'll need to give your volume a name, Beta would be a good ideab if it's the beta you are installing. 
  6. Set the storage limit - remember you will need enough space for the install, our Mac said it required 13.80GB free. You can fill in the Reserve (minimum) and Quota (maximum) options. We set the limit at 25GB, but this number can be changed (the benefit of volumes over partitions).
  7. Now click on Add to add your new Volume to the Mac.

Now you have your second volume up and running you are ready to install the beta of macOS, or the alternative version of macOS to the one you usually run. We'll cover how to do that next.

If, on the other hand, you are using an older version of the Mac operating system and don't have APFS, perhaps your Mac has a Fusion Drive and you are running High Sierra and you want to install Mojave on a separate partition, in that case, you will have a slightly more complicated journey that will involve creating a partition. We look at how to do that below.

Catalina on Mac

How to install macOS Catalina beta on an APFS Volume

We ran the macOS Mojave beta on our second volume in 2018-2019, so all we needed to do was go to System Preferences and click on Software Update. The Catalina beta was there for us to download (although we did have to update to Mojave beta 10 first).

If you aren't already running a beta though, you'll need to follow these steps. We have much more detailed explanation of what you need to do to get the Catalina beta here.

  1. Go to Apple's beta Software Program website.
  2. You'll need to sign up for the beta program, if you haven't already.
  3. Click on Sign In.
  4. Sign in to the Apple Beta Software Program with your Apple ID.
  5. Click on the macOS tab and scroll down to Enroll Your Mac (of course, follow Apple's advice and back up first!).
  6. Now click on Download the macOS Public Beta Access Utility.
  7. Open the Downloads folder and click on the DMG file once it is downloaded.
  8. You'll have to agree to a few questions before you can choose to install the access utility.
  9. Enter your password if requested. Eventually you'll see Install Successful (hopefully!)
  10. Now if you open Software Update you should see the Catalina beta ready to download and install. Unless like us you had been running Mojave beta, in which case you may have to install a Mojave beta update first. Click on the Update button.
  11. Catalina beta will begin to download, it took just over half an hour to arrive on our Mac. Eventually you will see Ready to install, at which point you will have to stop what you are doing and restart your Mac. (Remember this next bit can take a while so go and make a cup of tea).
  12. Once Catalina is installed you can shut down your Mac. If when you start up you press and hold alt/option you will be able to choose which Volume you can open, and thereby switch between macOS Mojave and the beta of Catalina.
  13. When your Mac boots up it will look like you need to choose a network and enter the password - you don't we find we can skip this step.

How to install any version of macOS or Mac OS X on an APFS Volume

Having created your second volume using the guide above, you will be ready to install your second version of macOS. This time we are looking at a full version of the operating system, rather than a beta.

  1. Download the installer for the OS you want (here's how to get the installer of any version of macOS or Mac OS X). Note: it will have to be a newer version than the one you are running currently - if it isn't then the process will be more complicated and you should read this: How to downgrade to an older version of macOS.
  2. Install that version of macOS on the new volume you created. How install MacOS on partition
  3. Now wait while your Mac installs the new OS on that volume.
  4. Once it’s done your Mac will open up in the volume with the new OS installed.
  5. When you are ready to go back to your old version of the OS, just shut down your Mac, and while it starts up keep the Alt/Option key until you see the option to open from your original volume. This will allow you to choose which volume you want to use, and the version of macOS you want to run.
  6. When your Mac boots up it will look like you need to choose a network and enter the password - you don't we find we can skip this step.

How to install a second macOS on a Partition

If you aren't in the APFS world yet, you will need to partition the main hard drive into two separate drives and then install macOS Catalina on one and the other version of MacOS on the other.

If you need to create a partition you will need to wipe your Mac, so as we said above, make sure you make a backup.

The simplest way to create your partition is to do the following:

  1. Boot macOS into Recovery mode (start up your Mac and hold down the Command and R keys until you see an Apple logo or spinning globe).
  2. Once in Recovery mode, use Disk Utility to wipe the main hard drive and split it into two partitions.
  3. Now recover your Time Machine backup into that partition. Remember, you won't be able to recover a backup based on a newer version of macOS than the one you want to be using on this partition.
  4. Alternatively, you could use the Install option in Recovery to install whichever version of macOS you wish to run on to the main partition.
  5. Now it's time to install the other version of macOS in partition 2. Follow the steps here to install a second version of macOS, or the beta of the new version of macOS, on to the second partition.

Read about how to get the macOS beta here. We also have advice about downloading older versions of macOS here.

(For OS options beyond macOS, you might like to read our guides showing How to install Windows on a Mac, and How to install Linux on a Mac.)