The latest version of macOS - Mojave - has been available to download since Monday 24 September. You can read all about Mojave here. Before you update, read this article to find out what you need to do to get Mojave on your Mac - and what you should do before you click the install button.
Luckily updating your Mac to the latest version of the Mac operating system is really easy, free, and not nearly as time-consuming as it used to be. However, there are a few things we recommend you do first to ensure things go smoothly, we run through these, as well as instructions for downloading and installing the latest version of the MacOS in this tutorial. We'll also guide you past the potential headaches and any problems you may encounter. Jump to our Preparing your Mac section for a guide.
The next version of the Mac operating system will be revealed by Apple in June when it previews macOS 10.15 at WWDC 2019. Developers will be able to download a beta of that new version of the Mac operating system shortly after the WWDC keynote, and people who sign up for the public beta will probably be able to get their hands on the next version of macOS later in June (read about joining the beta program here).
If you haven't updated to Mojave yet though read on to find out how to update to Mojave from High Sierra, Sierra, El Capitan, Yosemite, or even older version of Mac OS X below.
How to update macOS, download macOS Mojave
MacOS Mojave became available to download on 24 September 2018, almost exactly a year after High Sierra launched. (We anticipate that the follow up to Mojave will be available around the same date in 2019).
To get macOS Mojave on your Mac you need to do the following (if you have yet to update to High Sierra or any other version of macOS, the instructions will be the same):
- Launch the App Store on your Mac (click on the blue icon containing a white A, or search by pressing space+command and typing App Store).
- Search for macOS (or you can also go directly to the macOS Mojave page if you click here, the High Sierra page is here.)
- Click on macOS Mojave (or the version of Mac OS X you require).
- Click on Get (older versions of the App Store might have a Download button).
- Fill out your Apple ID information if prompted.
- The Installer will start to download, you can see how long it will take if you look at the bar under Downloading.
- Once the installer file has downloaded a window will pop up on your Mac telling you and asking you to Continue... The Installer file can be found in Applications (but it will open automatically).
Luckily the download happens in the background, so you can continue to work or surf the web.
How to install macOS Mojave on your Mac
Once the installer has downloaded (as described above) you are ready to install the macOS software on your Mac.
- Once the installer file has downloaded you should see a window pop up on your Mac asking you to start the install process.
- If you are ready to install, click on Continue (beware that it can take some time, so finish anything that can't wait before going ahead with the installation).
- Follow the onscreen instructions to finish installing the software update, which should take around half an hour depending on the spec of your Mac.
We normally recommend that you don't jump right in and install new software straight away - by which we mean as soon as Apple releases it, in Sepember generally. Regardless of how stringent Apple's test process is, there are inevitably issues with the initial downloads. And even if there are no issues often Apple's servers get overloaded as everyone rushes to update and that can really slow the process down. So we recommend you hold your horses and do some tidying up and preparation first.
However, there are a few things worth checking before you download a new version of the Mac operating system at any time. If you run through the below first you are less likely to have problems following the update.
Here are the steps you should go through when updating your Mac to the latest version of MacOS. We address each step in more detail below.
- Locate the version of Mac OS you require.
- Check your Mac is supported. (Read: Will my Mac run Mojave).
- Make sure you have sufficient space on your Mac.
- Back up your Mac.
- Make sure your Mac is healthy.
- Log into iCloud.
- Make sure you are on a trusted network.
- Update to the latest version of your current MacOS version.
- Download MacOS from the Mac App Store.
- Install MacOS on your Mac.
We also cover how to update your Mac with the more minor updates to the operating system that Apple issues throughout the year at the bottom of this article: If it's just an update to the current version of the MacOS you need to install jump to this section: Install an update to MacOS
If you want to know how to update your apps on your Mac, read this: How to update all your Mac apps.
The first thing you will want to do is find out exactly which version of the Mac operating system to install and make sure that there is no reason not to install it. You can read all about the latest version of MacOS, along with details of the latest point updates and any known issues, here: MacOS Mojave latest news: current version, updates, betas, and new features. We also have a similar guide to High Sierra here.
If you choose to wait and download a version of Mojave some months after the launch - or if you are looking at updating your Mac to an older version of MacOS - note that the version you will download from the Mac App Store will be an older version than the latest update. You should therefore expect to have to update the operating system again once you have installed it, but this should happen automatically.
This is because Apple will continue to release updates to the operating system throughout the year, either to address vulnerabilities and fix problems, but sometimes to add new features, such as new Emoji.
Then during the months from June to September the company will issue beta versions of the next version of the operating system software. Some people will be able to test the beta out on their Macs. It's not just Apple developers who get to try out the new software - if you would like to be a public beta tester you can find out more about that scheme here: How to get the latest MacOS beta.
If you'd like to find out a bit more about macOS Mojave before downloading it, read our comparison of macOS High Sierra vs Mojave to find out how it compares to the previous version. Our review of Mojave is here.
In the case of macOS Mojave, here is a full list of the Macs that are able to download the MacOS upgrade. You can find out more about the system requirements for macOS here.
- MacBook models from early 2015 or later
- MacBook Air models from mid-2012 or later
- MacBook Pro models from mid-2012 or later
- Mac mini models from late 2012 or later
- iMac models from late 2012 or later
- iMac Pro (all models)
- Mac Pro models from late 2013 (plus mid-2010 or mid-2012 models with certain Metal-capable graphics processor)
You may be concerned that you have some software that you need to use that may not work in the new operating system - the apps in Microsoft Office 2011 won't work, for example!
Luckily there are a few ways you can try out Mojave without removing an older version of OS X from your Mac, find out How to run macOS on an external hard drive here or partition your hard drive and install MacOS on it, we explain how here: How to dual-boot two Mac Operating systems on your Mac.
Apple suggests that you should have 20GB of free space on your Mac's drive before you install macOS Mojave - although you may not need that much. The Yosemite installer was 5.16GB, for example, but you'll also need to allow some room for temporary files.
If space is looking tight, here's an article about freeing up space on your Mac.
You should also make sure that your Mac is completely healthy before installing a big update to the system.
Open Disk Utility (in /Applications/Utilities), select your startup drive from the list on the left, click the First Aid tab to the right, and then click Verify. If Disk Utility finds problems, you'll need to boot from a different volume to perform the actual repairs using the Repair Disk button.
Boot into recovery mode (by holding down Command+R at startup) and use Disk Utility from there to perform the recommended repairs.
Read more about using Disk Utility to fix a Mac here.
Before you perform any big update to your Mac - and especially if you are installing a beta - you should back up your Mac and do some other housekeeping tasks which we will address below.
Luckily, Apple makes it easy to back up your Mac using Time Machine, so there is no excuse not to create a Time Machine backup before installing a new version of macOS. We have this article about how to back up your Mac using Time Machine.
iCloud is heavily integrated into many Apple apps and system services. Make sure you are logged into iCloud before you start updating and things should go smoothly.
We advise that you make sure you are on a trusted network - so avoid downloading software in hotels and cafes or any public networks because you don't know what might lurk there.
If you are downloading and installing software we advise that you do so at home, at work, or at your place of education, not on a hotel or cafe network. You will probably find the download is much faster - and downloading at home or could mean you can plug your Mac into the network rather than rely on a wireless download speed (which could mean that the download takes a lot longer!)
To find out how to keep your Mac safe from security vulnerabilties read: How to stop your iPhone, iPad or Mac getting hacked and our Mac security tips.
Before you upgrade to the new version of MacOS, make sure you install the latest updates to the version of macOS that you're currently running. From time to time there will be software updates to improve stability, for example, and there is always a chance that you may have a problem updating to the new version of the Mac operating system if you hadn't pre-installed this essential update to the previous version, so do your homework first.
To make sure you are up-to-date, click on the App Store icon in the Dock and select Updates. You can also click on the Apple logo at the top left of your screen and select Software Update from there.
For details of how to install a version update jump to here.
You should also make sure you have updated any third party apps too. Those updates may include changes that are required for upgrading to the latest macOS and if you don't run the updates they may not work properly once you have updated.
To update apps you've bought from the Mac App Store, launch the App Store app and click the Updates button in the toolbar. Then click Update All, simply providing your Apple ID and password when prompted.
For apps that you purchased elsewhere, you'll need to manually install updates. You can check if there are updates available from the application's menu, in Microsoft Word, for example, it's a case of clicking on Help > Check for Updates.
Check compatibility with your third-party apps before updating the macOS. That way you will be up and running immediately, rather than being frustrated by your favourite apps and add-ons not working.
Finally, we are onto the exciting stuff, but there's only one potential spanner in the works - you need the Mac App Store.
If you are still running Leopard and don't have access to the Mac App Store you really really really need to upgrade! Current versions of OS X are available only via the Mac App Store and the Mac App Store arrived in Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. Luckily you can still get hold of a copy of Snow Leopard from Apple. It costs £19.99 and you can buy a copy here: Snow Leopard.
As we explained above, if you open the Mac App Store you will find the latest version of the MacOS.
- Launch the Mac App Store (see the Mac App Store icon above)
- Search for MacOS
- Click on macOS Mojave (or the version of Mac OS X you require)
- Click on Download
- Fill out your Apple ID information if prompted
- The Installer will start to download, you can see how long it will take if you look at the bar under Downloading
- Once the installer file has downloaded a window will pop up on your Mac telling you and asking you to Continue... The Installer file can be found in Applications (but it will open automatically)
Luckily the download happens in the background, so you can continue to work or surf the web.
Install macOS on your Mac
Now that the installer has downloaded you are ready to install the macOS software on your Mac.
- Click on Continue
- Follow the on-screen instructions to finish installing the software update, which should take around half an hour depending on the spec of your Mac
How to install an update to MacOS Mojave
Installing updates to macOS once you are running Mojave will be a little different. Rather than opening the Mac App Store, or going to Software Update via the Apple menu, you will need to do the following:
- Open System Preferences
- Click on Software Update
- Click to update the software if an update is available
How to install an update to MacOS in High Sierra or earlier
If you have already installed the new version of macOS and just want to install the latest update to that software you will find it under the Mac App Store updates tab.
- Open the Mac App Store
- Click on Updates
- Click Update beside any updates you wish to install
- If the software has not yet been downloaded (you can set it to do this automatically) it will download in the background
- Once the software has been downloaded you will see a notification to let you know it is ready to be installed
- Your Mac may notify you that it will restart before installing the update if the timing is bad you can choose to postpone the update for an hour, or until later
- When you are ready to proceed, click Update again and wait while your Mac restarts and installs the update
- You Mac will shutdown and the installation will commence - beware this can take a while and there is no warning until it actually starts, a recent update was set to take 24 minutes, but panic not - it was probably closer to 10 minutes.
- Once the installation has finished your Mac will restart.
For information about Apple's terms and conditions for using macOS read: Should you agree to Apple's terms and conditions.