Our migration guide for those moving from PC to Mac continues. The next section is:
Apps & games
Where do I get Mac equivalents for Windows apps like Microsoft Office?
Mac versions of most popular apps are available. Just hit Google.
For example, login to your Office 365 subscription and you'll find a download link for Microsoft Office 2016. Adobe Creative Cloud is available for Mac. Dropbox is available for Mac and, of course, iTunes comes built-into OS X. There's a Mac version of TrueCrypt, although because the project was abandoned a number of years ago you'll need to hack it slightly to make it work on modern releases of macOS.
There's just one Windows app that I can't find a Mac replacement for!
There's a handful of possible routes, other than installing Windows via BootCamp (see below).
The first is to run a virtualised version of Windows, where Windows runs essentially as a desktop app. Apps like VMware Fusion and Parallels Desktop include clever immersive modes where the Windows desktop is hidden and the app appears to run like a native Mac app, including having its own Dock icon.
The second route is to use an app like CrossOver Office, which uses Wine to allow certain Windows apps to run via a kind of emulation. Support for Windows apps can be a bit patchy, however, and it's really only really the hugely popular ones like Microsoft Office that work acceptably.
What are the macOS alternatives for the Windows system and accessories tools like Notepad, Command Prompt, Paint and so on?
Here's a quick look-up table:
Notepad/WordPad: TextEdit in the Applications list of Finder; click Format > Make Plain Text to switch to Notepad-like basic text editing, or Format > Make Rich Text to switch to more advanced WordPad-like features
Command Prompt/Windows PowerShell: Terminal in the Utilities folder within the Applications list
Snipping Tool: Grab in the Utilities folder within the Applications list, or via the macOS built-in screenshotting tool
Character Map: Within any application, click Edit > Emoji & Symbols
Windows Media Player: QuickTime Player in the Applications list of Finder
Quick Assist/Remote Desktop Connection: Open iMessage, start a conversation with the individual (who must be using a Mac), click the down arrow next to their name at the top of the conversation, and click Invite To Share My Screen
File Explorer: Finder, which is always the first button on the Dock
Task Manager: To force-quit currently-running apps, hold down Alt+Command and tap Esc. To view technical info about currently-running apps, open Activity Monitor, which is in the Utilities folder of the Applications list.
Edge/Internet Explorer: Safari in the Applications list of Finder
Cortana: Siri, which can be activated by clicking the Dock icon, or by holding Cmd+Space for a few seconds. Read more: How to use Siri on Mac
Messages: iMessage in the Applications list of Finder
OneDrive: iCloud Drive, accessed via its icon in the left-hand sidebar of Finder
Some apps like Mail, Calendar, Photos and Maps have identically named analogues in the Applications list of Finder. There is no swap-in for Paint, in terms of creating art or diagrams from scratch, although the Preview app is used to view and markup existing images and PDFs.
I was told Pages, Keynote, Numbers, iMovie etc were free with a new Mac but they're not on mine! How do I get them?
Just open the App Store, which is in the list of Applications in Finder. You'll be prompted to install them automatically.
I'm a gamer, and although the Mac is getting better when it comes to games, some titles simply aren't available. What are my options?
As with the previous answer about running Windows software, some people use Wine to play Windows games and - despite its name - CrossOver Office can help. It supports classics like World of Warcraft, for example.
Alternatively, the free-of-charge Wineskin app can also make setup of Wine for Windows game playing a lot easier.
You can also virtualise Windows in an app like VMware Fusion or Parallels Desktop, although nearly always the only way to get a fully satisfactory experience with a good frame rate is to install Windows on your Mac via BootCamp and boot to it when you want to play games. For more details see our guide to gaming on a Mac. Oh, and you might change your mind about the Mac library when you've read our roundup of the best Mac games.
Read next: PC vs Mac: Which is best?
Can macOS apps run full-screen, like Metro apps in Windows 8/10?
Many can, yes. Just click the green blob at the top left of the app window. This will also auto-hide the menu, application bar and Dock, but hovering the mouse cursor at the top or bottom of the screen can reveal all.
Apps can be switched back to standard windows by again clicking the green blob or, if this isn't visible, you might try clicking the View menu, and then the Exit Full Screen option. Hitting the Escape key might work too.
How do I control what apps start when my Mac boots?
The equivalent to the Windows Start menu's Startup folder is found by opening System Preferences, clicking the Users & Groups icon, selecting your username at the left, and clicking the Login Items tab. Select an item then click the minus button beneath to remove it. Some apps hide away in system folders, however, and pruning them is only for advanced users.
Which apps start when Mac OS X boots is controlled via the Users & Groups section of System Preferences
Next: Settings & preferences