Back in 2017 the iPhone X ruffled feathers by discarding the Home button in favour of the largest phone screen Apple had ever provided. The company has continued the trend with the iPhones 12 series, the iPhone 11 series, the iPhone XR, and the iPhone XS.

They're wonderful devices, but how do you unlock the iPhone, how do you get back to to the Home screen, activate Siri, turn on the app switcher and do all the other functions that used to be accessed via the Home button? With gestures, or alternative buttons, or with your face! In this tutorial we explain how to use the 12-, 11-, and X-series iPhones.

Note that the 2020 and 2018 iPad Pro models are also bereft of Home buttons, and follow a similar set of gestures. You can learn about them in How to use the iPad Pro with no Home button.

How to unlock an iPhone 12, 11, XR & X

The 12-, 11- and X-series iPhones haven't got Touch ID, because the fingerprint scanner used to sit in the Home button (RIP) and Apple decided not to move it elsewhere (in the iPad Air Touch ID moved to the Side button). Instead of Touch ID on these iPhones (and the iPad Pro), we get Face ID.

To unlock your iPhone, you just need to lift the device up and look at it - by default you need to make eye contact, a deliberate feature designed to stop people being able to unlock your phone when you're asleep or unconscious. It should unlock near instantly.

Note that this won't automatically take you to the Home screen, it will just unlock the device - noticeable by the padlock icon changing at the top of the screen. You then need to swipe up from the bottom, or activate one of the other features available from the lock screen (such as the camera).

We look at this feature in more detail elsewhere: How to use Face ID.

How to use iPhone 11/11 Pro: Face ID

How to use Apple Pay without Touch ID

The loss of the Touch ID fingerprint scanner also impacts on Apple Pay. This too is verified by facial recognition.

To trigger Apple Pay you have to follow these steps:

  1. Double-tap the Side button (sometimes referred to as the Power button).
  2. Look at your iPhone to verify your identity.
  3. Hold the device near the contactless terminal to complete the transaction.

If you're using Apple Pay online or in an app, things are slightly different - you double-press and authenticate, and the transaction must be completed within 30 seconds. If it's not, you'll have to double-press and authenticate again.

How to go back to the home screen

The original and most obvious purpose of the Home button was to take you back to the home screen from anywhere. Now how do you go back on the iPhone?

Going back to the home screen is now done with a gesture:

  • Swipe up from the bottom of the screen, just as you used to do to bring up the Control Centre.

Look out for the little bar across the bottom of the screen - except when it fades out during video playback and similar - to remind you of this.

How to access Control Centre

Talking of Control Centre, that's now activated by swiping down from the top-right corner of the screen.

You may not like the notch at the top of the display, but it does have the advantage, interface-wise, of effectively turning the top edge into two separate gesture-sensitive sections. And the top-left edge is used for something else...

How to access Notifications Centre

Swipe down from the top of the screen (the middle or the left) to bring up the Notifications Centre.

How to see your battery life as a percentage

The easiest method is to bring up Control Centre, as described above: swipe down from the righthand side of the top edge. The top status bar gets pulled down slightly too, and with the extra space the battery graphic gets a percentage figure next to it.

How to use iPhone 11/11 Pro: Show battery as a percentage

There are a couple of other methods too, and these are outlined in How to show iPhone battery percentage.

How to switch from one app to another

As usual you can go back to the Home screen, find the app icon and tap to open it, but you'll be wanting to know the equivalent of the old double-press on the Home button, which used to bring up the app switcher.

  1. Swipe up from the bottom of the screen (on the little bar), just as you do to go back to the Home screen, but this time hold your thumb or fingertip on the screen for a moment or two, until the app switcher appears.
  2. You can now swipe left or right to scroll through your recently opened apps, then tap one to open it.

If you don't want to bother with the app switcher and just want to jump back to the previous app, there's a way to do this to:

  • To switch back to the previous app, or move through all the apps you have open, swipe across the bar at the bottom of the screen.

That's the gist of it, but we describe this process in more detail elsewhere: How to switch apps on iPhone.

How to use the iPhone 11/11 Pro

How to take screenshots

You can't take a screenshot on your X, 11 or 12-series iPhone by pressing the Home and power buttons at the same time, because you've not got a Home button. Instead you need to do this:

  • Press the volume-up and power buttons simultaneously

The screen will flash white and you'll see a small thumbnail of your screenshot at the bottom left. You can tap this to add annotations or share it, swipe left to make it disappear or just wait for it to go away.

Some users have found themselves triggering screenshots without meaning to - often when picking up their iPhone. In a separate article we explain how to stop accidental screenshots on iPhone X. We find we tend to turn off our iPhone screen when we are trying to take a screenshot, which is probably more annoying than taking an accidental screenshot.

The key combination is very similar to the button presses needed to turn off an iPhone.

How to activate Siri

Press and hold the power button to turn on Siri - or say "Hey Siri!", assuming you've got this feature switched on.

Read about how to use Siri here.

How to turn off an iPhone 12, 11, X...

You turn off iPhones that have a Home button by pressing the side button until the power-off slider appears. But, as previously explained, that activates Siri on these handsets.

Instead, to turn off an 12-,11, or X-series iPhone, you should press and hold both the side button and one of the volume buttons (up or down - it doesn't matter). Again, hold them down until the power-off slider appears, then swipe across it to turn off the phone.

How to force-restart an iPhone 12, 11, X...

Force-restarting (or hard-rebooting) an iPhone with no Home button is a bit of a pain, requiring you to press all three of its buttons in the correct sequence and reasonably quickly.

  1. You need to press (and release) the volume up button
  2. Then press (and release) the volume down button.
  3. Finally, press and hold the side button - do so until the Apple badge appears.

How to put an iPhone 12, 11 or X into DFU mode

Entering DFU mode is complicated on the 11- and X-series handsets by their lack of a Home button.

  1. Attach your iPhone to a Mac or PC, and open iTunes (or the Finder, if you're using macOS Catalina or later).
  2. Press and quickly release the volume up button, then press and quickly release the volume-down button.
  3. Press and hold the side (power) button until the screen goes black.
  4. Hold the side and volume down buttons for another five seconds, then let go of the side button but keep holding volume down until iTunes/Finder says it "has detected an iPhone in recovery mode".
  5. Now you can let go of the volume down button.

If you've done this properly, the screen of the iPhone will be black. In iTunes/Finder, you should see the iPhone appear in Devices.

How to activate Reachability

When Apple first debuted its big-screen iPhones it worried that people wouldn't be able to reach the whole of the touchscreen display with their thumbs while holding the device, so it introduced a new Reachability feature, which brought the whole screen image down when you double-touched (not pressed) the Home button. There's no Home button now, but the screen is bigger than ever, so how does Reachability work?

It's now activated by swiping down at the very bottom of the screen. It's a little fiddly, so read our How to use Reachability on the iPhone tutorial for a more detailed explanation (and a GIF!).

If you're worried that this will be activated accidentally while using apps, it can be turned off (or on) in Settings, under Accessibility.

How to get a Home button on your iPhone

If you are realy missing the Home button, note that it's possible to get the 12, 11- and X-series iPhones to display an onscreen Home button.

This is activated via the Accessibility section of the Settings app:

  • Go to Settings > Accessibility > Touch then turn on AssistiveTouch.

Once AssistiveTouch is turned on a button will appear on the righthand side of the screen. Tap this and you will gain access to a Home button and other features.

We explain how to do this in How to get a Home button on iPhone.

How to avoid screen burn-in

One last tip, which isn't related to the Home button but is specific to another feature of the iPhone X, XS, XS Max, 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max (but not the XR or 11): screen burn. This is an extreme form of image retention, and the main downside to OLED screens, which are otherwise excellent. (The XR and 11 have the older LCD type of screen.)

If you allow a static, bright, high-contrast image to display on an iPhone 11 Pro for a long time, there is a danger that it will burn into the screen and remain there, in a faint, ghostly form, permanently. So be careful about using Auto-Lock, and remember to turn down the brightness if you need to have a static image on screen for a prolonged period.

More tips (and a couple of possible fixes for the problem, in case the worst does happen) in a separate article: How to avoid & fix iPhone X screen burn-in.

How to use Animoji

Animoji was one of the standout new features of the iPhone X. If you'd like to find out how to send these fun animations that mimic your facial expressions read our complete guide to using Animoji.