Amongst a flurry of other software reveals, Apple made a surprising announcement at WWDC 2019: the iPad is ditching iOS. While up until this point iPhone and iPad updates had been bundled together as iOS, starting later this year, iPads will run an entirely separate operating system dubbed iPadOS.
While it may look similar to iOS 13 on the surface, iPadOS brings a range of new features to iPad users, some of which will make the experience a little more Mac-like. Here’s everything you need to know, from release date and beta details to the headline features of Apple’s tablet-focused OS.
In this article we'll run through the new features coming in iPadOS, which iPads will run it, and whether it gives us any clues about Apple's plans to bring iOS to the Mac.
When will iPadOS be released?
iPadOS will be released at some point in September, alongside iOS 13, but you don’t have to wait that long to try it out.
iOS developers were able to download the iPadOS beta following the WWDC keynote, and consumers who signed up for the public beta got their first taste of the beta later in June.
The latest beta versions are:
- 7th beta of iPadOS, released to developers on 15 August.
- 5th public beta, released to the public on 8 August, apparently quite stable.
If you want to install the iPadOS beta we explain how to do so here, but expect it to be buggy and may cause adverse effects, but it’s an option for those who simply cannot wait until later this year for the full release.
Which iPads are compatible with iPadOS?
While many thought iPadOS would be limited to Apple’s ‘Pro’ tablets, it’ll be available for quite a few devices when it launches this year. If you have an older iPad it might be a good reason to upgrade. Read: Which iPad should I buy.
- 9-inch iPad Pro third generation (2018 model)
- 9-inch iPad Pro second generation
- 9-inch iPad Pro first generation
- 11-inch iPad Pro (2018 model)
- 5-inch iPad Pro
- 7-inch iPad Pro
- iPad sixth generation (2018 model)
- iPad fifth generation (2017 model)
- iPad Air 3 (2019 model)
- iPad Air 2
- iPad mini 5 (2019 model)
- iPad mini 4
Find out which iPads will get iPadOS here.
New features in iPadOS
A lot of the features in iPadOS are the same as those in iOS 13 - but there are many more features that will enhance your existing iPad considerably - or give you a reason to upgrade. Here, we explain the key features of the upcoming operating system.
iPadOS features at a glance:
- The icons on the Home screen are smaller so you can fit more in, and widgets, such as a calendar or to do list, can be added here.
- You can have multiple windows open in an app and view them side by side in split view, you can only two pages at a time but having multiple pages open is a real benefit.
- There will be an Expose like feature (from MacOS) that will show an overview of all your open apps.
- New Slide Over feature will make it easy to switch between apps.
- Improved markup tools.
- You can plug in external storage and access content on there.
- There'll be an improved Files app for accessing all your saved data stored in iCloud. Including the ability to access file servers.
- New keyboard shortcuts and gestures, including support for keyboard shortcuts when a keyboard is plugged in.
- You will be able to connect a mouse (although it looks like this is an accessibility feature)
- The Apple Pencil will react faster thanks to improved latency.
- There are also additional Pencil gestures.
- You can capture a grab of an entire webpage, rather than only what can be seen on the screen.
- There is a download manager, so you can download from the web in Safari.
- QuickPath typing (like the Swipe keyboard) will make typing faster.
We'll go into a bit more detail about some of these features below:
Improved gesture support
The highlight of iPadOS for many will be the introduction of new-and-improved gestures that help take advantage of the large display; swiping in from the left of the home screen will provide easy access to Widgets, a three-finger pinch will copy text, a three-finger spread will paste and a three-finger spread will undo recent changes. You get the idea, right?
Despite a rather shaky demo, the upgraded gesture support looks to vastly improve the iPad workflow, especially for those using the device for work and education purposes.
The gestures in iPadOS are further enhanced by changes to Slide-In and Split-Screen, with the latter now supporting multiple windows from the same app. This allows you to read one Note while editing another, or compose an email while reading an article on Safari.
All-new Safari browser
If anything has been turbocharged in iPadOS, it’s Safari. The highlight is desktop website support, allowing you to access full websites (automatically optimised for touch input) when browsing on an iPad. This makes the iPad fully compatible with popular sites including WordPress and Google Docs.
You’ll also be able to organise file downloads via Safari’s built-in Download Manager, and the introduction of 30 new keyboard shortcuts should make using the browser much quicker too.
Files has also had an upgrade in iPadOS. You’ve got access to an all-new column view, bringing a macOS-inspired File Preview with it. You’ll be able to quickly view photos and videos, access Quick Actions to rotate images, convert documents to PDFs and view metadata with a tap.
You’ve also got the option to share folders in iCloud Drive and add files via SMB, USB sticks, SD cards and other USB-C/Lightning-enabled accessories, bringing the capabilities of the iPad closer to that of a traditional laptop.
The iPad’s on-screen keyboard has sorely needed love for some time, and it finally got the TLC it needs with iPadOS.
As well as being able to type by swiping from one letter to another – just as you can on iOS 13 – you can also pinch the keyboard to shrink and move it wherever you want on-screen, making one-handed use a breeze while also providing more screen real-estate for your apps.
Apple Pencil improvements
Rather incredibly, Apple has managed to reduce the already-impressive 20ms latency of the Apple Pencil down to 9ms, providing a more natural drawing experience for creatives that use Apple’s high-end stylus.
There’s a host of other Apple Pencil-specific features on offer too, like quick access to mark-up, a redesigned Pencil toolkit and PencilKit, allowing developers to offer Apple’s suite of Apple Pencil tools within third-party apps.
Sidecar support with macOS Catalina
If you’ve got a Mac running macOS Catalina (due out later this year) then you’ll be able to take advantage of the new Sidecar functionality, allowing your iPad to double up as a second display without the need for wires.
It’s a must-have for MacBook owners, as it can almost double the size of the display, but the benefits go beyond simply displaying information on a secondary screen. In fact, Sidecar offers Apple Pencil support, allowing you to ditch your dedicated stylus setup and use your tablet and Apple Pencil to draw naturally on your Mac.
Custom font support
While this isn’t for everyone, designers and creatives in general will be happy to know that iPadOS will support custom fonts, allowing you to use a range of previously-unsupported fonts to create gorgeous graphics and documents. It’ll be easy to install them too, with a dedicated section coming to the iPad’s App Store.
And most features of iOS 13, too!
And of course, iPadOS comes with all the headline features of iOS 13 including the much-requested Dark Mode, a redesigned Photos app, the Apple ID sign-in option for third-party apps, enhancements to AR, custom Memoji in the Message app and a whole bunch more.
Apple has always said that it has no plans to merge iPad and Mac. Apple CEO Tim Cook once compared such devices as being like a Toaster-Refrigerator, suggesting that it's better to do one thing well, rather than try to merge two very different functions.
Despite this, Apple is bringing even more macOS-like features to the iPad with iPadOS. These improvements will make the iPad more suitable for work related tasks, for example, being about to have more than two documents open in Pages at once, and being able to download content from the web.
These are features that will improve the credentials of the iPad as a replacement for your Mac, maybe even making it feasible that you could replace your Mac with an iPad.
But other changes, such as Sidecar (described above and here: How to use Sidecar), and the tools that will make it easier for developers to port iPad apps to the Mac and vice versa, could mean that over time we see a merger of the two platforms.
Rather than MacOS on an iPad though, we might see iPadOS on a Mac. There are rumours that Apple is working on a new Mac, perhaps a replacement for the now discontinued MacBook, which will use an Apple-made ARM processor and could run this iPadOS. Read more about that here: Apple's plans for an ARM-powered MacBook.
Apple isn't exactly merging Mac and iPad but it certainly is paving the way for a new device that could take the best of both worlds.