Apple has announced that the next version of macOS - macOS 10.14 - will be given the name Mojave (that’s pronounced as Mo Harvey, if you were wondering).
Despite claims that the company was steering away from making big changes in the upcoming version of the operating system - according to Bloomberg sources, during a company meeting the company had said that its main focus in the next version of the Mac operating system will be "security and performance improvements" - Apple’s Tim Cook promised that the next release of MacOS will be: “Choc full of new fearless inspired by Pro users, but designed for everyone,” adding that is is going to: “Take Mac a huge leap forward.”
Apple showcased a number of new features including the improved Dark Mode, changes to the Finder, better functionality in Quick Look, changes to the way users can take screenshots, ways to use the iPhone and Mac seamlessly, a new News app for the Mac, changes to Safari and a redesigned Mac App Store.
Apple also previewed changes that won’t be arriving until later in 2019. Changes that will make it easier to port iOS apps to the Mac.
Read on for more information.
Mojave Release date
Apple made the first developer beta available on 4 June, and relased the second developer beta on the 20 June. The public iOS 12 beta will be available later in June, so we assume the macOS Mojave beta will be too. Find out how to get the macOS beta here.
It is likely that the final version macOS Mojave will be available for everyone to download in September or October 2018.
What will Apple call the next version of macOS?
While officially the next version of the Mac operating system is macOS 10.14, Apple always gives its Mac OS a name. In the past the operating system was named after big cats: Leopard, Jaguar, Lion, but in recent years the names have been borrowed from Californian landmarks.
Well, we now know that Apple has chosen to name the next version of macOS after Mojave, the desert.
The name had actually been predicted in the run up to the launch - the leaked screenshots that turned up on the Apple developer site showed a new wallpaper in the background, which 9to5Mac thought looked like "mountains — or maybe sand dunes... shot at twilight", and therefore would represent the Mojave desert, for for macOS Mojave.
Mojave: New features
There are a number of new features coming to the next version of macOS. In particular, Apple appears to have focused on enhancing the Finder and Quick Look. But other new features are welcome, in particular Dark Mode, which we will look at first.
A Dark Mode is nothing new - there has been a Dark Mode available since El Capitan, but it only changed the appearance of menu bar and Dock. However, the new Dark Mode is what everyone had been calling for.
In High Sierra, Dark Mode adjusts the colour of the menu bar and dock, but little else. The Dock's translucent background becomes darker, the menu bar's drop-down menus are darker (although still translucent). As shown in the below image.
Not all third-party apps offer support for the dark menu bar, and even some Apple apps, such as Safari, currently feature a bright translucent sidebar.
The Dark Mode in Mojave, shown below in the Calendar app, will be applied to all elements of the interface, in every app, system-wide. Users can choose whether to turn it on. (We have a tutorial on Using Dark Mode on the Mac here).
Showcasing the new system-wide dark appearance, Apple's Craig Federighi explained that the dark shade "extends to the windows and the chrome." Adding that it's "Great not just for photography, but also if working in a dark environment."
The developers in the keynote audience got a first look at the redesigned dark mode version of Xcode.
The new darker interface had been leaked prior to the keynote, thanks to some images that appeared on Apple's developer site.
Early evidence that Apple was working on a system-wide dark mode also came via code in WebKit. This particular code would adapt rendering of a website in reaction to Dark Mode settings.
Apple showcased some changes to the Desktop that are coming in macOS Mojave.
One change that will help Mac users keep their desktop clutter-free is Desktop Stacks.
If you tend to save everything to your Desktop (as above, surely we all do that) you probably have a desktop covered in files, images and folders. Is there even room for another document? Apple is seeking to help us keep our Desktop more organised, without having to resort to a Stuff file.
In Mojave, images, for example, will be clumped together in a stack, so you will be able to find what you are looking for. At least we hope that will be the case - if you are like us, frequently dropping something on to your desktop so you can find it to email it, or edit it, you may be wondering if shuffling it away into a stack is the solution you are looking for, but we will wait and see. You can read about how to use Desktop Stacks here, we also have this article explaining how to get Desktop Stacks and Dynamic Desktop now.
With regards to your Desktop, Apple also showcased a feature called Dynamic Desktop, that means the backdrop to your screen will change throughout the day to an scene that's most appropriate (an evening screen in the evening for example).
Finder, Quick Look & Markup
The Finder, Apple's default file manager, is also getting a few updates in Mojave.
Apple is adding a new view in the Finder. Gallery view will show users a preview of an image along with details such as metadata that can be seen in a sidebar.
Currently you can see Finder items as icons, in a list, in columns or as Cover Flow. The new Gallery view looks like a reworking of the Cover Flow view.
The great news is that this new Finder view will give you more than just a preview of the picture, document, or whatever it is you are trying to fine. Apple has refined the Markup tools currently available in Preview and added then to QuickLook.
As a result, you could preview (or Quick Look at) a PDF, and using the Markup tools add your signature without even opening up the Preview app.
Similarly you will have lots of tools at your disposal when looking at images. During the WWDC keynote Apple demonstrated these quick actions that you can use on the current photo - for example, rotating or cropping an image from inside the finder.
You will even be able to trim video from within QuickLook.
Another change coming in Mojave is going to transform screenshots.
Taking a screenshot will be more reminiscent of taking a screen shot on an iOS device, with a small thumbnail appearing to the right of the screen when you take a screen shot, and easy access to the tools to edit that shot (crop, etc) from within the preview.
Apple will also be adding a tool for screen capturing video. Currently this is available via the QuickTime app, so we imagine it is going to simplify the process.
APFS on Fusion Drives
High Sierra bought with it a new file system - APFS. APFS made duplicating a file and find the size of a folder instantaneous, offered built-in encryption, and saved space. However, it still doesn’t work with Fusion Drives.
The good news is that Fusion Drives - and hard drives - will get APFS in the next version of macOS. Apple confirmed as much during the keynote, and back in May 2018 Apple’s Craig Federighi responded to a Mac user who asked whether APFS was ever going to make it to the Fusion Drive, saying “We intend to address this question very soon,” via MacRumors.
Mojave: New apps
Apple usually makes some changes to existing apps, and sometimes adds entirely new apps when it updates its operating system. And this year is no different.
The News app is also coming to the Mac.
News will have all the stores you can currently read on your iOS device, including Top Stories, Trending Stories, sections that are personalised for you. A sidebar will allow users to jump straight in to the channels that they follow.
Apple seems to be doing its utmost to take on Google in terms of the delivery of news.
The leaked Dark Mode screenshots mentioned above also showed a News app icon in the Dock so the news that Apple was bring News to the Mac wasn't a surprise.
A popular app on the iPhone, voice memos is coming to the Mac.
The real benefit here isn't so much that you will be able to record on your Mac, but rather that a recording taken on your phone will be immediately available to listen to (and edit) on your Mac.
The Home app is also coming to the Mac.
Users will be able to monitor their gadgets, including video cameras, thermostats, and the like, as well control the devices using the Siri voice assistant.
Safari had some pretty big updates in terms of privacy, the removal of troublesome ads, and autoplaying videos, in 2017. In 2018, Safari is set to become even more challenging for advertisers as Apple makes it even easier to turn off cookies.
Speaking about Cookies tracking you between websites, Apple said it will be "Shutting that down."
The company also spoke about how some organisations are able to recognise your Mac because of "Fingerprinting" - your Mac is recognised because of certain characteristics and that means data companies can track your device from site to site. Apple said that it will make it "harder to track you."
How? The company will make your Mac look "more like everyone else Mac."
Mac App Store
The Mac App Store will also be getting a makeover.
According to Apple it's been "Redesigned from the ground up."
There is a new UI, videos showcasing the apps will auto play so potential buyers can see what an app is capable of doing before they download it.
Users will even be able to view tutorials in Mac App Store.
Apple has high hopes: in the keynote the company said: "We think the Mac app store will inspire the next generation of apps."
iOS and the Mac
Apple is introducing some new ways in which we can utilise our iOS device when working on the Mac. It also gave developers a preview of some exciting changes that will make porting iOS apps to the Mac even easier.
Mac users will be able to "Take advantage of having an iPhone as a content capture device," according to Craig Federighi.
Mac users will be able to choose their iPhone as a method of capturing content when they are working on their Mac. In the scenario shown in the keynote, if you wanted to add an image to a document you could choose the iPhone as a capture device, at which point the iPhone camera would light up automatically, and you could take a snap.
The iPhone could be utilised similarly if you needed to scan a document.
The photograph or scan goes immediately to the document on the Mac.
This new feature isn't coming in macOS Mojave, but it is coming...
During the keynote Apple announced its plans to make it easier to port iOS apps to the Mac. The company gave developers a "sneak peak" of its strategy to give Mac developers a chance to "tap into" iOS.
While iOS and MacOS share common foundations, it's not easy to port a iOS app to the Mac because the two user interfaces are somewhat different. "Porting an app from one to the other involves some work," said Craig Federigi.
Apple will be looking at ways to adapt specific behaviours, for example, drag and drop, so that they can be translated to the other OS. In 2018 Apple will be looking at some of its own apps, and working on ways to make the transition between the two OSs smoother.
The plans to make it easier to port an app from iOS to the Mac was no big surprise. Back in January 2018 a report on Axios (by Ina Fried previously of Re/code and All Things Digital) claimed that you will be able to run iPad apps on macOS 10.14 when it launches in the autumn, as part of a secret Apple project.
While, it looks like Apple has decided that it would be a mistake to try and prepare to launch such a feature in 2018, it is clear that the rumoured project to combine iPhone, iPad and Mac apps was real.
According to Bloomberg's sources in a January 2018 report: "Developers will be able to design a single application that works with a touchscreen or mouse and trackpad depending on whether it's running on the iPhone and iPad operating system or on Mac." This project was codenamed Marzipan.
By unifying the app development it was hoped that third-party Mac apps would be updated more frequently. Currently most development funding goes to iOS apps.
This doesn't mean we can expect a merger of iOS and MacOS. Back in March 2018. Apple CEO Tim Cook repeated his views that merging the two platforms would be a mistake.
Speaking to the Sydney Morning Herald, Cook said: "We don't believe in sort of watering down one for the other. Both [The Mac and iPad] are incredible. One of the reasons that both of them are incredible is because we pushed them to do what they do well. And if you begin to merge the two ... you begin to make trade-offs and compromises.
"So maybe the company would be more efficient at the end of the day. But that's not what it's about. You know it's about giving people things that they can then use to help them change the world or express their passion or express their creativity. So this merger thing that some folks are fixated on, I don't think that's what users want."
What we didn't hear about
We had a long wishlist of new features we were hoping to hear about in macOS 10.14, alongside some equally enticing rumours. Unfortunately not all of them were announced by Apple, although that doesn't mean they won't see the light of day.
Faster waking and unlocking
We'd heard a rumour that Apple is seeking to improve waking and unlocking in macOS.
According to the Axios report mentioned earlier, Apple wants to make improvements in performance when waking and unlocking the system.
Apple has come under fire for issues with bugs and vulnerabilities in MacOS High Sierra (and iOS 11). As a result the company is placing special emphasis on addressing security and performance issues in the next version of macOS. All the company mentioned was in terms of the information we don't want to give away when we are surfing the internet, but we suspect that the company has a lot more to share (or not share) here.
High Sierra was the last macOS release to support 32-bit apps. Apple announced back in the summer of 2017 that applications in 10.14 would be 64-bit only.
Strangely enough the company didn't even mention this in the keynote, but then Apple has been hammering the point home for some time.
In fact "New apps submitted to the Mac App Store must support 64-bit starting January 2018, and Mac app updates and existing apps must support 64-bit starting June 2018," states Apple on its developer website.
The move will force app developers to switch to 64-bit - which is good news if it means developers can deliver better software and making use of more than 4GB of RAM.
In preparation for this move, Apple started showing a warning in High Sierra 10.13 which indicates that an App is not optimized for your Mac if it is 32-bit, read more about what the warning means here.
You can be prepared for the move to Mojave by checking which of your apps are 32-bit, we explain how to do that in our guide to which apps won't work in Mojave here.
Re-designed iTunes and Apple Music
The app that needs the most work in our opinion is iTunes and we think that Apple is saving this for the next version of the macOS and iOS. In fact we think that Apple has a lot up its sleeve in regards to iTunes, which we think it in for more than just a redesign but a complete rebrand.
iTunes is often described as bloated, the issue being that it tries to do too many things. We think the real problem is the fact that much of our iTunes library was imported over a decade ago and we don't have the time to manage it in the way we did then, and as a result it just looks untidy. Apple Music helps us discover new music, but sometimes we'd just like to rediscover some of the tracks we used to listen to.
We expect some intelligent algorithms will come out of Apple's acquisition of Shazam that will help iTunes (and Apple Music) become better at playing tunes we actually want to hear.
Another reason we think a big overhaul it in the works is the fact that it looks like Apple intends to start offering a Netflix-like, TV and movie subscription service. More here.
On the iPhone, iPad and Apple TV we think this will be delivered via the TV app, so we'd expect to see something like that on the Mac too.
We’d like to see some changes to the way Time Machine works in macOS 10.14. Users have been calling for a way for Time Machine backups to be stored in the cloud. After all, our iPhones are backed up to iCloud so why can’t our Macs be?
You may already have your Mac set up to store the contents of your Desktop and Documents folders in iCloud, the Time Machine backup could be the next step in moving our data to a location where we can download it all from should our Macs be stolen or stop working.
We will mention APFS in more detail below, but in terms of Time Machine, APFS could bring some changes. Currently, Time Machine uses the older HFS+ file system.
This is because Time Machine currently relies on directories, and creates hard links to them. APFS doesn’t support hard links to directories, it creates symbolic links (or aliases) instead.
So Time Machine has to use HFS+ to work right now, but in the next version of macOS, Apple could update Time Machine to use APFS snapshots for file linking, rather than hard links.
MacOS Mojave System requirements
Prior to the announcement we knew that the next version of macOS won't support 32-bit apps so we predicted that would mean that a few Macs wouldn't be supported either.
Another clue as to which Macs might not be supported was Metal. We expected that Macs that don't have Metal support would get dropped after High Sierra.
We were correct in our predictions, only the following Macs support Mojave:
- iMac models from 2012 or later
- iMac Pro (from 2017)
- MacBook models from 2015 or later
- MacBook Pro models from 2012 or later
- MacBook Air models from 2012 or later
- Mac mini models from 2012 or later
- Mac Pro models from late 2013 (plus mid 2010 and mid 2012 models with recommend Metal-capable GPU)
You'll notice what that last option means - no more cheese grater Mac Pro support. Apple had better hurry up and launch it's Mac Pro successor.