Reports of failing MacBook Pros have been flooding in since 2013, with many owners of 2011 models with AMD graphics suffering from system crashes and hardware problems that have been described as "critical". After a long wait, Apple finally announced a repair programme, and we've got all the details here. For coverage of similar programmes covering MacBooks and other Apple products, read our guide to Apple product recalls & free repair programmes.

Apple's MacBook Pro repair programme

On 19 February 2015 Apple announced a repair program for some MacBook Pro models suffering from the graphics issues we've described in this article.

It's not officially a replacement program, but instead is titled "MacBook Pro Repair Extension Program for Video Issues."

On its support page, Apple reveals it has determined "that a small percentage of MacBook Pro systems may exhibit distorted video, no video or unexpected system restarts".

The specific symptoms described by Apple include distorted or scrambled video on the computer screen, no video on the computer screen (or external display) even though the computer is on, and the computer restarts unexpectedly.

How to find out if your MacBook is eligible

In May 2017 Apple announced that it is reducing the range of models eligible for a repair. So if you still haven't done so, visit the site as soon as possible and check if you qualify. 

The products initially mentioned were the 15in and 17in MacBook Pro models manufactured in 2011, and 15in MacBook Pro with Retina models manufactured from Mid 2012 to Early 2013.

But after the programme had been running for more than two years, the company stated: "The following models are no longer eligible for this program: MacBook Pro (15-inch, Early 2011), MacBook Pro (15-inch, Late 2011), MacBook Pro (17-inch, Early 2011) and MacBook Pro (17-inch, Late 2011)."

Which means that only the MacBook Pro (Retina, 15-inch, Mid 2012) and MacBook Pro (Retina, 15 inch, Early 2013) are now eligible.

Here's how to find out what model of Mac you've got; if your Mac is out of action thanks to the graphics issue, you may find it easier to type in your serial number here.

How to get your MacBook Pro repaired

If your Mac is eligible, you'll now need to back up your MacBook Pro, and then bring it to an Apple Retail Store or Apple Authorised Service Provider (find out how to make an appointment at the Apple Store here). An Apple technician will then run a diagnostic test to verify eligibility, and let you know how long it'll take to repair.

Note, however, that if there is other damage to your MacBook Pro that "prevents the repair" such as a cracked screen, they'll charge you for the replacement of that. Aside from that, though, the repair program is completely free (and so it should be!).

You'll be notified when your MacBook Pro has been fixed and is ready to be collected, and fingers crossed the issue will have been resolved.

The repair program kicks off in the US and Canada on 20 February, and in other countries from 27 February, and will run until 27 February 2016 or three years from its original date of sale, whichever of those provides longer coverage.

Since first publishing this story, we've had more than 750 readers get in touch to let us know that they're experiencing the same issue. The huge thread on Apple's Support Communities has now been viewed more than 4 million times and has more than 12,100 replies.

In August 2014, a petition that started last year urging Apple to recall the affected MacBook Pro laptops to fix the problem passed the 10,000-signature mark, and in October 2014 it soared past the 20,000 supporters mark, and it reached a total of 38,205 before Apple finally addressed the issue.

It may in part also be due to the class action lawsuit Apple was hit with in October in a California court. 

The lawsuit claims that the defect in the 2011 MacBook Pro comes from the lead-free solder that's used to connect one of the processing chips to the main circuit board in the computer. According to the complaint, the frequent changes in temperature that occur while using the MacBook Pro cause the lead-free solder to crack, which in turn causes the graphics issues as described above.

A very similar lawsuit was been filed in Canada, against Apple Canada.

The problem, which first emerged in February 2013, escalated throughout 2014 as more and more owners of the affected models began to experience issues. While playing games, watching HD video or performing another graphics-intensive task, users have witnessed their displays distorting, or sometimes going completely blank. Rebooting the machine temporarily resolves the issue, but it almost always returns.

Eventually, many users found that their MacBook boots to a blue or grey screen. Currently, the only permanent resolution is to get a replacement logic board, but that can prove quite costly without Apple Care. It's believed that overheating is to blame for the issue.

Some of the readers who've been in touch have said that Apple has replaced their 2011 MacBook Pro's logic board thanks to Apple Care, with some customers even claiming to have had their logic board replaced multiple times.

In the past, Apple has offered replacement hard drives for iMacs containing 1TB Seagate hard drives that have been known to fail, replacement MagSafe adapters, iBook logic board replacements back in 2004, and, most recently, a MacBook Air flash storage drive replacement programme for June 2012 to June 2013 models.

Concerned owners of afflicted MacBooks have set up a Facebook page and a petition.

Are you a MacBook Pro owner experiencing the issue? Let us know in the comments section below.