Should I upgrade from Mac OS X Snow Leopard, or Lion, to Mountain is a question many of our readers ask. It's a good question. Like most Mac operating system updates, Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion offers a lot of new features.
But upgrading is a hassle, and even though Apple goes to great lengths to ensure that the process is as smooth as possible, there are always risks with re-writing the entire operating system.
In this feature we'll take a quick look at upgrading to Mountain Lion. What the benefits are and what the installation process is, and how to minimise the chance of any installation problems.
How many people have upgraded to Mountain Lion?
The key thing to note is that many Mac users have forged ahead and upgraded to Mac OS X Mountain Lion. In January 2013 Apple's Mountain Lion became the most widely-used version of OS X, according to California-based Net Applications (a Web measurement firm). They measured that a third (32 per cent) of all Macs online were using Mac OS X 10.8.
Is Mac OS X 10.8 safer than Snow Leopard?
It seems that many users are still using Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. In February 2013 it was revealed that 28 per cent of all users are still using the older operating system. Even more people are using Snow Leopard than its successor: Mac OS X 10.7 Lion.
Because of this it's worth noting that Apple is still updating Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. If Apple stopped serving security updates to Snow Leopard, it would leave a major chunk of its user base unprotected. So regardless of whether you're running Mac OS X 10.6, 10.7, or 10.8 Apple still has your back: at least with regards to security updates. However, there is more to the Mac than just working in a safer environment. What's really important in Mountain Lion though, are the new features.
What features do I get from Mountain Lion?
Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion introduced a lot of new features to the Mac operating system. Over 200 new features were introduced during the update, Apple has a list of new features on its website. http://www.apple.com/uk/osx/whats-new/features.html
Unlike the move from Leopard to Snow Leopard, which saw very few interface developments, Mountain Lion introduces a whole slew of visibily different features. Those moving from Snow Leopard to Mountain Lion will find it quite a jump.
Here we look at some of the key features introduced in Mac OS X Mountain Lion:
Upgrade to Mountain Lion: iCloud
In Mac OS X Mountain Lion iCloud is used to quickly setup and sync your Mac. With Mountain Lion, however, Apple has added new features to iCloud and integrated those sorely missing from its desktop OS. The biggest of these additions is called Documents in the Cloud. This feature allows the app you're using to store your documents in the cloud, wirelessly and remotely; you can then access them from any computer or iOS device you’ve linked to iCloud that has that application installed.
Upgrade to Mountain Lion: Notification Center
OS users will immediately recognize Mountain Lion's new notification system. It's more or less the same one that debuted on iOS 5.
To activate Notification Center, simply click on the notifications icon in the top right corner of the menu bar, or swipe with two fingers from the right edge of your trackpad towards the middle. This works at any time, even when you're in a full screen app.
Read more: Up close with Mountain Lion: Notifications
Any application can use notifications, as long as the app hooks into OS X’s Notifications feature. For starters, Apple programs such as Calendar, Reminders, Mail and Messages can display notifications. Many third-party apps also use notifications. For instance, if you have added your Twitter and Facebook logins to Mountain Lion’s Mail, Contacts & Calendars preference pane, you can see status updates and tweets.
Upgrade to Mountain Lion: Dictation
Though it falls short of full Siri integration, Mountain Lion's system-wide Dictation tool does bring iOS's transcription functionality to the Mac.
Anywhere you can type text on your Mac, Mountain Lion lets you dictate it, too. On iOS, the onscreen virtual keyboard provides a little microphone key that you can use to trigger Dictation mode. Because your Mac can't update your hardware keyboard dynamically, Mountain Lion instead requires you to use a keyboard shortcut instead.
By default, that shortcut is tapping the Fn key twice. (You can also use the new Start Dictation item near the bottom of the Edit menu.) But you can customize the keyboard shortcut in the Dictation & Speech preference pane in System Preferences. (Before Mountain Lion, that pane was merely called Speech.)
Read more: Up close with Mountain Lion: Dictation
Upgrade to Mountain Lion: Mission Control
With Mac OS X Lion, Apple combined Spaces and Exposé into one feature and named it Mission Control. Long time Mac users may grumpily hint that not every feature found in Exposé and Spaces made it into Mission Control but once you get to grips with this feature it becomes an incredibly powerful way to switch between apps and document windows. It's especially useful for Macs with smaller displays, like the MacBook Air.
What you see once you do this depends on the applications and windows you have open. If you have no applications open as would be the case if you've just started your Mac you’ll see nothing in the larger window but the Finders desktop pattern and then the Dashboard and Desktop windows above. Open a single application and then open a window within that application, and you’ll see that window along with an icon representing the application. Open another application (and a window within that application) and youll spy each applications windows and accompanying icons. If you have multiple windows open in a single application, those windows will, by default, be grouped together in a kind of stack.
Upgrade to Mountain Lion; or wait for Mac OS X 10.9 Lynx?
We are fully expecting a new version of Mac OS X 10.9 to be revealed at this year's WWDC event in June, and released sometime later in the year. The next version is rumoured to be name ‘Mac OS X Lynx’.
According to rumours "reliable sources" Mac OS X 10.9 has Siri voice command integration that can help users carry out functions using just their voice, like in Apple's latest iPhones and iPods. This would make sense given how successful it has been on iOS, although making it work effectively on the more complicated Mac OS X platform will be more of a challenge.
Apple is also planning to bring its widely criticised Maps service to the Mac with OS X 10.9. Should the mapping service make it through the early stages of development, it could enable developers to embed the maps into their Mac App Store applications using the MapKit framework like the one made available for developers in iOS 6.
How to upgrade to Mountain Lion
If you've decided to take the plunge and update to Mountain Lion you need to install it via Mac OS X's built-in App Store. This is only available on Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard or later, so if you have an earlier version of Mac OS X you'll need to update to Snow Leopard first and then Mountain Lion (the easiest way is to pick up an old Snow Leopard installation disc from eBay).
It's important to back up your Mac before performing the upgrade. The easiest way to do this is via Time Machine.
Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion costs £13.99 to upgrade, so it's not a huge investment given the features you get. If you decide to upgrade you might want to read our Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion review first.
See: Mountain Lion Review
Finally if you've decided to go ahead with an installation here is some advice
While Apple describes the process of upgrading to Mountain Lion as a simple download and install, those of us who've been doing this for a while know that a major OS update is never that simple. Perform the following tasks before the upgrade and you'll have a much better chance of actually enjoying a pain-free experience.
- Make sure your Mac's startup drive is in good health
- Back up your Mac, and test that backup
- Snow Leopard users should disable FileVault
- Disable third-party disk encryptio
- Run Software Update
- Check for Mountain Lion-compatible updates to third-party software
Read more: Get your Mac ready for Mountain Lion