The European research facility, where the World Wide Web was invented, is 50 years old today. CERN (The European Organization for Nuclear Research) is based in Geneva, Switzerland, and is host to the world's largest lab dedicated to particle physics.
While its principal function is gather information from a massive underground complex in which atoms are smashed together at high speeds in order to understand the beginning of the universe, its by-product of inventing the Web is far more well known.
British-born Sir Tim Berners-Lee created a hypertext program to make it easier to organize, link and browse information on the Internet via a user-friendly means.
During a lecture last year at the Royal Society in London, Berners-Lee revealed that he invented the World Wide Web using a NeXT computer. He presented his lecture using Apple's OS X Web browser Safari on a PowerBook, and referenced the Web's potential by talking about the possibilities of iCal, Apple's calendar program.
The work continues with CERN developing the Grid, a kind of "super-internet" that will enable physicists to handle the surge of data from the Large Hadron Collider, which will collide protons at extreme energies.
CERN was founded in 1954 to bring back European scientists who had fled to the USA during World War II, as well as retain those looking to make a career in physics.